Solutions for Chapter 8.1: Functional Group Transformation by Nucleophilic Substitution
Full solutions for Organic Chemistry, | 9th Edition
Solutions for Chapter 8.1: Functional Group Transformation by Nucleophilic SubstitutionGet Full Solutions
Compounds of carbon and hydrogen containing only carbon–carbon single bonds. (Sections 2.9 and 24.2)
A form of magnetism in which unpaired electron spins on adjacent sites point in opposite directions and cancel each other’s effects. (Section 23.1)
The distance between atoms in a covalent bond in picometers (pm; 1 pm 5 10212 m) or Å (1Å 5 10210 m).
A polymer that contains a large number of branches connected to the main chain of the polymer.
complex ion (complex)
An assembly of a metal ion and the Lewis bases (ligands) bonded to it. (Section 17.5)
conservation of orbital symmetry
During a reaction, the requirement that the phases of the frontier MOs must be aligned.
A molecule that consists of two atoms. (2.5)
Refers to the steric strain arising from interaction between an axial substituent and an axial hydrogen (or other group) on the same side of a chair conformation of a cyclohexane ring
A termination process that involves the abstraction of a hydrogen atom from the beta position of the propagating radical of one chain by the radical endgroup of another chain.
A reaction in which the Gibbs free energy of the products is higher than that of the reactants. The position of equilibrium for an endergonic reaction favors starting materials
CFCs that were heavily used for a wide variety of commercial applications, including as refrigerants, as propellants, in the production of foam insulation, as fire-fighting materials, and many other useful applications.
A catalyst that dissolves in the reaction medium.
Protons that are interchangeable by rotational symmetry.
Protons that are exchanged at a rapid rate.
The group that is displaced in a substitution reaction or the Lewis base that is lost in an elimination reaction
Molecular ion (M1)
The radical cation formed by removal of a single electron from a parent molecule in a mass spectrometer.
A method for converting an alkene to an alcohol. The alkene is treated with mercury(II) acetate followed by reduction with sodium borohydride.
An equation that relates the reaction rate to the concentrations of reactants (and sometimes of products also). (Section 14.3)
A polymer in which its growing chains are terminated by formation of new functional groups at both ends of its chains. These new functional groups are introduced by adding reagents, such as CO2 or ethylene oxide, to the growing chains.
A geometry adopted by an atom that has one lone pair and a steric number of 4.
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