Solutions for Chapter 8.1: Functional Group Transformation by Nucleophilic Substitution

Organic Chemistry, | 9th Edition | ISBN: 9780073402741 | Authors: Francis A Carey Dr., Robert M. Giuliano

Full solutions for Organic Chemistry, | 9th Edition

ISBN: 9780073402741

Organic Chemistry, | 9th Edition | ISBN: 9780073402741 | Authors: Francis A Carey Dr., Robert M. Giuliano

Solutions for Chapter 8.1: Functional Group Transformation by Nucleophilic Substitution

Solutions for Chapter 8.1
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Organic Chemistry, was written by Patricia and is associated to the ISBN: 9780073402741. This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Organic Chemistry, , edition: 9. Since 1 problems in chapter 8.1: Functional Group Transformation by Nucleophilic Substitution have been answered, more than 10899 students have viewed full step-by-step solutions from this chapter. Chapter 8.1: Functional Group Transformation by Nucleophilic Substitution includes 1 full step-by-step solutions. This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions.

Key Chemistry Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • alkanes

    Compounds of carbon and hydrogen containing only carbon–carbon single bonds. (Sections 2.9 and 24.2)

  • antiferromagnetism

    A form of magnetism in which unpaired electron spins on adjacent sites point in opposite directions and cancel each other’s effects. (Section 23.1)

  • Bond length

    The distance between atoms in a covalent bond in picometers (pm; 1 pm 5 10212 m) or Å (1Å 5 10210 m).

  • branched polymer

    A polymer that contains a large number of branches connected to the main chain of the polymer.

  • complex ion (complex)

    An assembly of a metal ion and the Lewis bases (ligands) bonded to it. (Section 17.5)

  • conservation of orbital symmetry

    During a reaction, the requirement that the phases of the frontier MOs must be aligned.

  • diatomic molecule.

    A molecule that consists of two atoms. (2.5)

  • Diaxial interactions

    Refers to the steric strain arising from interaction between an axial substituent and an axial hydrogen (or other group) on the same side of a chair conformation of a cyclohexane ring

  • Disproportionation

    A termination process that involves the abstraction of a hydrogen atom from the beta position of the propagating radical of one chain by the radical endgroup of another chain.

  • Endergonic reaction

    A reaction in which the Gibbs free energy of the products is higher than that of the reactants. The position of equilibrium for an endergonic reaction favors starting materials

  • Freons

    CFCs that were heavily used for a wide variety of commercial applications, including as refrigerants, as propellants, in the production of foam insulation, as fire-fighting materials, and many other useful applications.

  • homogeneous catalysts

    A catalyst that dissolves in the reaction medium.

  • homotopic

    Protons that are interchangeable by rotational symmetry.

  • labile

    Protons that are exchanged at a rapid rate.

  • Leaving group

    The group that is displaced in a substitution reaction or the Lewis base that is lost in an elimination reaction

  • Molecular ion (M1)

    The radical cation formed by removal of a single electron from a parent molecule in a mass spectrometer.

  • Oxymercuration-reduction

    A method for converting an alkene to an alcohol. The alkene is treated with mercury(II) acetate followed by reduction with sodium borohydride.

  • rate law

    An equation that relates the reaction rate to the concentrations of reactants (and sometimes of products also). (Section 14.3)

  • Telechelic polymer

    A polymer in which its growing chains are terminated by formation of new functional groups at both ends of its chains. These new functional groups are introduced by adding reagents, such as CO2 or ethylene oxide, to the growing chains.

  • trigonal pyramidal

    A geometry adopted by an atom that has one lone pair and a steric number of 4.

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