- 220.127.116.11: Is the two-step sequence depicted in the following equations consis...
- 18.104.22.168: The Fischer projection for (+)-2-bromooctane is shown. Write the Fi...
- 22.214.171.124: Would you expect the 2-octanol formed by SN2 hydrolysis of ()-2-bro...
- 126.96.36.199: Sketch the structure of the SN2 transition state for the following ...
Solutions for Chapter 8.3: The SN2 Mechanism of Nucleophilic Substitution
Full solutions for Organic Chemistry, | 9th Edition
An RCO! or ArCO! group.
atomic mass unit (amu)
A unit based on the value of exactly 12 amu for the mass of the isotope of carbon that has six protons and six neutrons in the nucleus. (Sections 2.3 and 3.3)
Compound containing only carbon, chlorine, and fluorine.
Compounds that have the same molecular formula but differ in the way the atoms are connected.
delocalized molecular orbitals.
Molecular orbitals that are not confined between two adjacent bonding atoms but actually extend over three or more atoms. (10.8)
A reaction that produces one enantiomer in preference to the other.
The charge on an atom in a polyatomic ion or molecule
A voltaic cell that utilizes the oxidation of a conventional fuel, such as H2 or CH4, in the cell reaction. (Section 20.7)
Energetic electromagnetic radiation emanating from the nucleus of a radioactive atom. (Section 21.1)
Proteins that consist of chains that are coiled into compact shapes.
The equilibrium established between reactant and product substances that are all in the same phase. (Section 15.4)
The total energy possessed by a system. When a system undergoes a change, the change in internal energy, ?E, is defined as the heat, q, added to the system, plus the work, w, done on the system by its surroundings: ?E = q + w. (Section 5.2)
A bond that results from the force of attraction between two oppositely charged ions.
lambda max (lmax)
In UVVis spectroscopy, the wavelength of maximum absorption.
A chemical equation in which the formula for each substance is written without regard for whether it is an electrolyte or a nonelectrolyte. (Section 4.2)
A group derived by removing an H from benzene; abbreviated C6H5! or Ph!.
A voltaic cell that can be recharged. (Section 20.7)
A covalent bond involving one electron pair. (Section 8.3)
For mechanisms, a step that involves three chemical entities.
A compound that contains two SR groups, both of which are connected to the same carbon atom.