- 18.104.22.168: Is the two-step sequence depicted in the following equations consis...
- 22.214.171.124: The Fischer projection for (+)-2-bromooctane is shown. Write the Fi...
- 126.96.36.199: Would you expect the 2-octanol formed by SN2 hydrolysis of ()-2-bro...
- 188.8.131.52: Sketch the structure of the SN2 transition state for the following ...
Solutions for Chapter 8.3: The SN2 Mechanism of Nucleophilic Substitution
Full solutions for Organic Chemistry, | 9th Edition
A !CH2CH"CH2 group.
An oxide that exhibits both acidic and basic properties. (8.6)
The addition of atoms or groups of atoms to opposite faces of a carbon-carbon double bond.
The measurement of heat changes. (6.5)
Carbonyl group (Section 1.3C)
A C"O group.
In NMR spectroscopy, protons (or carbon atoms) that occupy identical electronic environments and produce only one signal.
complete ionic equation
A chemical equation in which dissolved strong electrolytes (such as dissolved ionic compounds) are written as separate ions. (Section 4.2)
conjugate acid-base pair.
An acid and its conjugate base or a base and its conjugate acid. (15.1)
Enantiomeric excess (ee)
The difference between the percentage of two enantiomers in a mixture
CFCs that were heavily used for a wide variety of commercial applications, including as refrigerants, as propellants, in the production of foam insulation, as fire-fighting materials, and many other useful applications.
A type of carbocation rearrangement that involves the migration of a hydride ion (H-).
A special type of dipole-dipole interaction that occurs between an electronegative atom and a hydrogen atom that is connected to another electronegative atom.
A compound capable offunctioning as an electron pair acceptor.
A drawing style inwhich the electrons take center stage.linear polymer (Sect. 27.6): A polymer thathas only a minimal amount of branching or nobranching at all.
localized lone pair
A lone pair thatis not participating in resonance.
A theory that accounts for the allowed states for electrons in molecules.(Section 9.7)
nematic liquid crystalline phase
A liquid crystal in which the molecules are aligned in the same general direction, along their long axes, but in which the ends of the molecules are not aligned. (Section 11.7)
solubility-product constant (solubility product)1Ksp2
An equilibrium constant related to the equilibrium between a solid salt and its ions in solution. It provides a quantitative measure of the solubility of a slightly soluble salt. (Section 17.4)
Valence-shell electron-pair repulsion (VSEPR)
A method for predicting bond angles based on the idea that electron pairs repel each other and keep as far apart as possible.
Rules for predicting the wavelength of maximum absorption for a compound with extended conjugation.
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