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Solutions for Chapter 8.4: Steric Effects and SN2 Reaction Rates
Full solutions for Organic Chemistry, | 9th Edition
A functional group characterized by two alkoxy (OR) groups connected to the same carbon atom.Acetals can be used as protecting groups for aldehydes or ketones.
Naturally occurring amines isolated from plants.
Hydrocarbons containing one or more carbon–carbon triple bonds. (Section 24.2)
A polymer,that is formed via a condensation reaction.
A carbohydrate for whichthe chirality center farthest from the carbonylgroup will have an OH group pointing to theright in the Fischer projection.
A monosaccharide that, when written as a Fischer projection, has the !OH on its penultimate carbon to the right.
A termination process that involves the abstraction of a hydrogen atom from the beta position of the propagating radical of one chain by the radical endgroup of another chain.
The probability of finding an electron at any particular point in an atom; this probability is equal to c2, the square of the wave function. Also called the probability density. (Section 6.5)
A graph showing the changes in energy that occur during a chemical reaction; energy is plotted on the vertical axis, and reaction progress is plotted on the horizontal axis. Also called a reaction coordinate diagram
A barbed curved arrow used to show the change in position of a single electron.
hydronium ion 1H3O+2
The predominant form of the proton in aqueous solution. (Section 16.2)
London dispersion forces
Attractive forces between transient dipole moments, observed in alkanes.
A diagram that shows the energies of molecular orbitals relative to the atomic orbitals from which they are derived; also called an energy-level diagram. (Section 9.7)
A device that uses strong magnetic and electrostatic fields to accelerate charged particles. (Section 21.3)
Esterlike derivatives of phosphoric acid.
A compound containing several ether groups.
An isotope that is radioactive; that is, it is undergoing nuclear changes with emission of radiation. (Section 21.1)
The stabilization associated with the delocalization of electrons via resonance.
Compounds containing a mercapto group (SH).
Exchange of the !OR or !OAr group of an ester for another !OR or !OAr group.