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Solutions for Chapter 8.10: Substitution and Elimination as Competing Reactions
Full solutions for Organic Chemistry, | 9th Edition
alkaline earth metals
Members of group 2A in the periodic table. (Section 7.7)
Refers to the capacity of a substance to either add or lose a proton 1H+2. (Section 16.2)
Charles’ and Gay-Lussac’s law.
See Charles’ law.
Compounds that have the same molecular formula but differ in the way the atoms are connected.
Atoms that lie in the same plane.
In Diels-Alder reactions that produce bicyclic structures, the positions that are syn to the larger bridge.
A charge associated with any atom that does not exhibit the appropriate number of valence electrons.
A polymer that contains sections of one homopolymer that have been grafted onto a chain of the other homopolymer.
When treated with a strong base, a quaternary ammonium halide undergoes b-elimination by an E2 mechanism to give the less-substituted alkene as the major product
From the Greek, meaning water-fearing.
An abbreviated way to draw structural formulas in which vertices and line endings represent carbons
malonic ester synthesis
Asynthetic technique that enables the transformationof a halide into a carboxylic acid with theintroduction of two new carbon atoms.
The electrophile in a Michael reaction.
The amide linkage by which two amino acids are coupled together to form peptides.
A solvent that contains at least one hydrogen atom connected directly to an electronegative atom.
A polymer, comprised of more than one kind of repeating unit, in which there is a random distribution of repeating units.
A starting substance in a chemical reaction; it appears to the left of the arrow in a chemical equation. (Section 3.1)
A series of intermediates and curved arrows that show howthe reaction occurs in terms of the motion of electrons.
A reaction that disobeys conservation of orbital symmetry.
Reduction of the C"O group of an aldehyde or ketone to a CH2 group using hydrazine and a base. Ylide (Section 16.6)