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Solutions for Chapter 10.1: The Allyl Group
Full solutions for Organic Chemistry, | 9th Edition
A two-step process that achieves Markovnikov addition of an alcohol (H and OR) across an alkene. The product of this process is an ether.
Compounds that will react with either acids or bases. Amino acids are amphoteric.
A substance that is an H+ acceptor; a base produces an excess of OH-1aq2 ions when it dissolves in water. (Section 4.3)
A crystal lattice in which the lattice points are located at the center and corners of each unit cell. (Section 12.2)
A measure of the degree to which the electrons are shared unequally between two atoms in a chemical bond. (Section 8.4)
The transfer of reactivity of an endgroup from one chain to another during a polymerization
The generally larger formation constants for polydentate ligands as compared with the corresponding monodentate ligands. (Section 23.3)
Properties that describe a substance’s composition and its reactivity; how the substance reacts or changes into other substances. (Section 1.3)
The electrons that are not in the outermost shell of an atom. (Section 6.8)
A cyclic polyether derived from ethylene glycol and substituted ethylene glycols.
A barbed curved arrow used to show the change in position of a single electron.
Gibbs free energy change (DG°)
The energy that dictates the position of chemical equilibria and rates of chemical reactions. A thermodynamic function of enthalpy, entropy, and temperature, given by the equation DG° 5 DH° 2 TDS°. If DG° , 0, the position of equilibria for the reaction favors products. If DG° . 0, the position of equilibria favors reactants.
hydronium ion 1H3O+2
The predominant form of the proton in aqueous solution. (Section 16.2)
A compound containing a CRN bond.
A compound composed of cations and anions. (Section 2.7)
An analytical technique for measuring the mass-to-charge ratio (m/z) of ions.
Compounds formed from a molecule of phosphoric acid, a sugar molecule, and an organic nitrogen base. Nucleotides form linear polymers called DNA and RNA, which are involved in protein synthesis and cell reproduction. (Section 24.10)
The SI unit of pressure: 1 Pa = 1 N >m2 . (Section 10.2)
A nonprotein unit attached to a protein, such as heme in hemoglobin.
spin magnetic quantum number 1ms2
A quantum number associated with the electron spin; it may have values of +12 or -12. (Section 6.7)