- 10.3.10.7: Rank the C H bonds of trans-3-hexene in order of decreasing bond di...
- 10.3.10.8: Assume that N-bromosuccinimide serves as a source of Br2, and write...
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Solutions for Chapter 10.3: Allylic Free-Radical Halogenation
Full solutions for Organic Chemistry, | 9th Edition
The conjugate base of an alcohol.
As protons are added one by one to the nucleus to build up the elements, electrons similarly are added to the atomic orbitals. (7.9)
The cycle that relates lattice energies of ionic compounds to ionization energies, electron affinities, heats of sublimation and formation, and bond enthalpies. (9.3)
Carboxyl group (Section 1.3D)
A !COOH group.
A tetrahedral atom, most commonly carbon, that is bonded to four different groups; also called a chirality center
conjugate acid–base pair
An acid and a base, such as H2O and OH-, that differ only in the presence or absence of a proton. (Section 16.2)
conservation of orbital symmetry
During a reaction, the requirement that the phases of the frontier MOs must be aligned.
An eliminationreaction in which the leaving group only leavesafter deprotonation occurs. This process occurs atthe end of an aldol condensation.
A method for selectively cleaving and identifying the N-terminal amino acid of a polypeptide chain.
exchange (metathesis) reaction
A reaction between compounds that when written as a molecular equation appears to involve the exchange of ions between the two reactants. (Section 4.2)
The structure of the transition state for an exothermic step looks more like the reactants of that step than the products. Conversely, the structure of the transition state for an endothermic step looks more like the products of that step than the reactants.
Homolytic bond cleavage
Cleavage of a bond so that each fragment retains one electron; formation of radicals.
A process that cannot be reversed to restore both the system and its surroundings to their original states. Any spontaneous process is irreversible. (Section 19.1)
A compound containing two carbon-carbon p bonds that are separated by two or more s bonds.
A collection of Avogadro’s number 16.022 * 10232 of objects; for example, a mole of H2O is 6.022 * 1023 H2O molecules. (Section 3.4)
During the polymerization process, compounds constructed from just a few monomers.
In mass spectrometry,the ion that is generated when the compound is ionized.
A complex mixture of undesirable substances produced by the action of sunlight on an urban atmosphere polluted with automobile emissions. The major starting ingredients are nitrogen oxides and organic substances, notably olefins and aldehydes. (Section 18.2)
A macromolecule containing many amino acid units, each joined to the next by a peptide bond
An intermediate with tetrahedral geometry. This type of intermediate is formed when a nucleophile attacks the carbonyl group of a carboxylic acid derivative.
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