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Solutions for Chapter 10.10: Addition of Hydrogen Halides to Conjugated Dienes

Organic Chemistry, | 9th Edition | ISBN: 9780073402741 | Authors: Francis A Carey Dr., Robert M. Giuliano

Full solutions for Organic Chemistry, | 9th Edition

ISBN: 9780073402741

Organic Chemistry, | 9th Edition | ISBN: 9780073402741 | Authors: Francis A Carey Dr., Robert M. Giuliano

Solutions for Chapter 10.10: Addition of Hydrogen Halides to Conjugated Dienes

Solutions for Chapter 10.10
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This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Organic Chemistry, , edition: 9. Since 2 problems in chapter 10.10: Addition of Hydrogen Halides to Conjugated Dienes have been answered, more than 25517 students have viewed full step-by-step solutions from this chapter. This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions. Organic Chemistry, was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9780073402741. Chapter 10.10: Addition of Hydrogen Halides to Conjugated Dienes includes 2 full step-by-step solutions.

Key Chemistry Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • aldol addition reaction

    A reaction that occurs when an aldehyde or ketone is attacked by an enolate ion. The product of an aldol addition reaction is always a b-hydroxy aldehyde or ketone.

  • amphiprotic

    Refers to the capacity of a substance to either add or lose a proton 1H+2. (Section 16.2)

  • catalyst

    A substance that changes the speed of a chemical reaction without itself undergoing a permanent chemical change in the process. (Section 14.7)

  • diagnostic region

    The region of an IR spectrum that contains signals that arise from double bonds, triple bonds, and X!H bonds.

  • Henry’s law

    A law stating that the concentration of a gas in a solution, Sg, is proportional to the pressure of gas over the solution: Sg = kPg. (Section 13.3)

  • Hofmann rule

    Any b-elimination that occurs preferentially to give the less substituted alkene as the major product.

  • Inductive effect

    The polarization of the electron density of a covalent bond caused by the electronegativity of a nearby atom.

  • lactone

    A cyclic ester.

  • Line-angle formula

    An abbreviated way to draw structural formulas in which vertices and line endings represent carbons

  • Michael donor

    The nucleophile in a Michael reaction.

  • mineral

    A solid, inorganic substance occurring in nature, such as calcium carbonate, which occurs as calcite. (Section 23.1)

  • Node

    A point in space where the value of a wave function is zero

  • optically active

    Possessing the ability to rotate the plane of polarized light. (Section 23.4)

  • pi 1P2 bond

    A covalent bond in which electron density is concentrated above and below the internuclear axis. (Section 9.6)

  • polyatomic ion

    An electrically charged group of two or more atoms. (Section 2.7)

  • racemic mixture

    A mixture of equal amounts of the dextrorotatory and levorotatory forms of a chiral molecule. A racemic mixture will not rotate the plane of polarized light. (Section 23.4)

  • rate equation

    An equation thatdescribes the relationship between the rate of a reactionand the concentration of reactants.

  • reaction mechanism

    A series of intermediates and curved arrows that show howthe reaction occurs in terms of the motion of electrons.

  • reducing agent, or reductant

    The substance that is oxidized and thereby causes the reduction of some other substance in an oxidation–reduction reaction. (Section 20.1)

  • Resonance in NMR spectroscopy

    The absorption of electromagnetic radiation by a precessing nucleus and the resulting “fl ip” of its nuclear spin from the lower energy state to the higher energy state.

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