Solutions for Chapter 11.2: The Structure of Benzene

Organic Chemistry, | 9th Edition | ISBN: 9780073402741 | Authors: Francis A Carey Dr., Robert M. Giuliano

Full solutions for Organic Chemistry, | 9th Edition

ISBN: 9780073402741

Organic Chemistry, | 9th Edition | ISBN: 9780073402741 | Authors: Francis A Carey Dr., Robert M. Giuliano

Solutions for Chapter 11.2: The Structure of Benzene

Solutions for Chapter 11.2
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This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions. Organic Chemistry, was written by Patricia and is associated to the ISBN: 9780073402741. This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Organic Chemistry, , edition: 9. Since 1 problems in chapter 11.2: The Structure of Benzene have been answered, more than 12418 students have viewed full step-by-step solutions from this chapter. Chapter 11.2: The Structure of Benzene includes 1 full step-by-step solutions.

Key Chemistry Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • acid rain

    Rainwater that has become excessively acidic because of absorption of pollutant oxides, notably SO3, produced by human activities. (Section 18.2)

  • Addition reaction

    A reaction in which two atoms or groups of atoms react with a double bond, forming a compound with the two new groups bonded to the carbons of the original double bond.

  • aliphatic hydrocarbons.

    Hydrocarbons that do not contain the benzene group or the benzene ring. (24.1)

  • alkynes

    Hydrocarbons containing one or more carbon–carbon triple bonds. (Section 24.2)

  • chair conformation

    The lowest energy conformation for cyclohexane, in which all bond angles are fairly close to 109.5° and all hydrogen atoms are staggered.

  • chemical equilibrium.

    A state in which the rates of the forward and reverse reactions are equal. (14.1)

  • common-ion effect

    A shift of an equilibrium induced by an ion common to the equilibrium. For example, added Na2SO4 decreases the solubility of the slightly soluble salt BaSO4, or added NaF decreases the percent ionization of HF. (Section 17.1)

  • conjugate acid–base pair

    An acid and a base, such as H2O and OH-, that differ only in the presence or absence of a proton. (Section 16.2)

  • coupling (of radicals)

    A radical process in which two radicals join together and form a bond.

  • Dalton’s law of partial pressures

    A law stating that the total pressure of a mixture of gases is the sum of the pressures that each gas would exert if it were present alone. (Section 10.6)

  • electrochemistry

    The branch of chemistry that deals with the relationships between electricity and chemical reactions. (Chapter 20: Introduction)

  • electron spin

    A property of the electron that makes it behave as though it were a tiny magnet. The electron behaves as if it were spinning on its axis; electron spin is quantized. (Section 6.7)

  • enantiomerically pure

    A substance that consists of a single enantiomer, and not its mirror image.

  • enol

    A compound containing a hydroxyl group (OH) connected directly to a carbon-carbon double bond.

  • enzyme

    A protein molecule that acts to catalyze specific biochemical reactions. (Section 14.7)

  • Formal charge

    The charge on an atom in a polyatomic ion or molecule

  • functional group

    An atom or group of atoms that imparts characteristic chemical properties to an organic compound. (Section 24.1)

  • haloform reaction

    A reaction in which a methyl ketone is converted into a carboxylic acid upon treatment with excess base and excess halogen, followed by aqueous acid.

  • high-resolution mass spectrometry

    A technique that involves the use of a detector that can measure the m/z values to four decimal places.This technique allows for the determination of the molecular formula of an unknown compound.

  • molecular-orbital diagram

    A diagram that shows the energies of molecular orbitals relative to the atomic orbitals from which they are derived; also called an energy-level diagram. (Section 9.7)

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