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Solutions for Chapter 11.6: Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons
Full solutions for Organic Chemistry, | 9th Edition
A pericyclic reaction, also called a Diels-Alder reaction, that takes place between two different p systems, one of which is associated with four atoms while the other is associated with two atoms.
A carbon adjacent to a carbon-carbon double bond.
The increase in energy associated with a bond angle that has deviated from the preferred angle of 109.5°.
A representation of a chemical reaction using the chemical formulas of the reactants and products; a balanced chemical equation contains equal numbers of atoms of each element on both sides of the equation. (Section 3.1)
A band of molecular orbitals lying higher in energy than the occupied valence band and distinctly separated from it. (Section 12.7)
A compound in which two p bonds are separated from each other by exactly one s bond.
Compounds containing the CN2 ion. (22.3)
A reaction in which the Gibbs free energy of the products is higher than that of the reactants. The position of equilibrium for an endergonic reaction favors starting materials
When signal splitting occurs in 1H NMR spectroscopy, the distance (in hertz) between the individual peaks of a signal.
A nonpolar molecule derived from glycerol and fatty acids that is used by organisms for long-term energy storage. (Section 24.9)
A device inwhich a compound is first vaporized and convertedinto ions, which are then separated anddetected.
Model of the atom with a nucleus containing protons and neutrons and with electrons in the space outside the nucleus. (Section 2.2)
nucleophilic acyl substitution
A reaction in which a nucleophile attacks a carboxylic acid derivative.
The most common isotope of hydrogen. (Section 22.2)
A measure of the energy absorbed from radiation by tissue or other biological material; 1 rad = transfer of 1 * 10-2 J of energy per kilogram of material. (Section 21.9)
An equation thatdescribes the relationship between the rate of a reactionand the concentration of reactants.
The sulfur analog of an ether; a molecule containing a sulfur atom bonded to two carbon atoms. Sulfi des are also called thioethers
The addition of atoms or groups of atoms to the same face of a carbon-carbon double bond.
A reaction in which only one species is involved in the rate-determining step
A method for converting a carbonyl group into a methylene group (CH2) under basic conditions.
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