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Solutions for Chapter 11.12: Oxidation of Alkylbenzenes
Full solutions for Organic Chemistry, | 9th Edition
In UV-Vis spectroscopy, the value log (I0/I) where I0 is the intensity of the reference beam and I is the intensity of the sample beam.
Rainwater that has become excessively acidic because of absorption of pollutant oxides, notably SO3, produced by human activities. (Section 18.2)
A hydrocarbon that lacks p bonds.
The positions that are adjacent to the vinylic positions of a carboncarbon double bond.
amphoteric oxides and hydroxides
Oxides and hydroxides that are only slightly soluble in water but that dissolve in either acidic or basic solutions. (Section 17.5)
An equation that relates the rate constant for a reaction to the frequency factor, A, the activation energy, Ea, and the temperature, T: k = Ae-Ea>RT. In its logarithmic form it is written ln k = -Ea>RT + ln A. (Section 14.5)
atomic number (Z).
The number of protons in the nucleus of an atom. (2.3)
An object that is not superimposable on its mirror image.
The species formed when an acid transfers a proton to a base
The minimum mass of fissionable material required to generate a self-sustaining nuclear chain reaction. (19.5)
The steric interaction that results when two groups in a Newman projection are separated by a dihedral angle of 60°.
A reaction in which a carboxylic acid undergoes a-halogenation when treated with bromine in the presence of PBr3.
A catalyst that dissolves in the reaction medium.
The International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry
Any molecule or ion that can form a new covalent bond by donating a pair of electrons.
localized lone pair
A lone pair thatis not participating in resonance.
A compound containing an electron-rich atom that is capable of donating a pair of electrons.
The conjugate base of phenol or a substituted phenol.
A complex mixture of undesirable substances produced by the action of sunlight on an urban atmosphere polluted with automobile emissions. The major starting ingredients are nitrogen oxides and organic substances, notably olefins and aldehydes. (Section 18.2)
The sulfur analog of an ether; a molecule containing a sulfur atom bonded to two carbon atoms. Sulfi des are also called thioethers
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