Solutions for Chapter 11.16: Benzylic Side Chains and Retrosynthetic Analysis
Full solutions for Organic Chemistry, | 9th Edition
Antibonding molecular orbital
A molecular orbital in which electrons have a higher energy than they would in isolated atomic orbitals
A ligand in which two linked coordinating atoms are bound to a metal. (Section 23.3)
A polymer that contains a large number of branches connected to the main chain of the polymer.
A proton acceptor
An equation that uses chemical symbols to show what happens during a chemical reaction. (3.7)
Properties of solutions that depend on the number of solute particles in solution and not on the nature of the solute particles. (12.6)
In electrocyclic reactions,a type of rotation in which the orbitals being used to form the new s bond must rotate in the same way.
Cyclic polyethers whose molecular models resemble crowns.
The process of forming a diazonium salt by treating a primary amine with NaNO2 and HCl.
A type of secondary structure of DNA molecules in which two anti parallel polynucleotide strands are coiled in a right-handed manner about the same axis
A process that cannot be reversed to restore both the system and its surroundings to their original states. Any spontaneous process is irreversible. (Section 19.1)
A model of enzyme action in which the substrate molecule is pictured as fitting rather specifically into the active site on the enzyme. It is assumed that in being bound to the active site, the substrate is somehow activated for reaction. (Section 14.7)
In mass spectrometry,a plot that shows the relative abundance ofeach cation that was detected.
A two-step process for the Markovnikov addition of water across an alkene. With this process, carbocation rearrangements do not occur.
A property that a substance possesses if it contains one or more unpaired electrons. A paramagnetic substance is drawn into a magnetic field. (Section 9.8)
A term used to designate the configuration of a chirality center, determined in the following way: Each of the four groups is assigned a priority, and the molecule is then rotated (if necessary) so that the #4 group is directed behind the page (on a dash). A counterclockwise sequence for 1-2-3 is designated as S.
spin magnetic quantum number 1ms2
A quantum number associated with the electron spin; it may have values of +12 or -12. (Section 6.7)
Groups that strongy deactivate an aromatic ring toward electrophilic aromatic substitution, thereby significantly decreasing the rate of the reaction.
The angle between two groups in a Newman projection, also called the dihedral angle.
An excellent leaving group (OTs). transition state (Sect. 6.6): A state through which a reaction passes. On an energy diagram, a transition state corresponds with a local maximum.
Having trouble accessing your account? Let us help you, contact support at +1(510) 944-1054 or firstname.lastname@example.org
Forgot password? Reset it here