Solutions for Chapter 11.18: Hckels Rule
Full solutions for Organic Chemistry, | 9th Edition
A functional group characterized by two alkoxy (OR) groups connected to the same carbon atom.Acetals can be used as protecting groups for aldehydes or ketones.
Element in which the 5f orbitals are only partially occupied. (Section 6.8)
Hydrocarbons having the general formula CnH2n12, where n 5 1,2, . . . . (24.2)
A liquid mixture of constant composition with a boiling point that is different from that of any of its components.
A measure of the degree to which the electrons are shared unequally between two atoms in a chemical bond. (Section 8.4)
Charles’ and Gay-Lussac’s law.
See Charles’ law.
A law stating that at constant pressure, the volume of a given quantity of gas is proportional to absolute temperature. (Section 10.3)
A compound inwhich two carbon-carbon p bonds are separated from each other by exactly one s bond.
All nonvalence electrons in an atom. (8.2)
A saturated hydrocarbon that contains carbons joined to form a ring
hexagonal close packing
A crystal structure where the atoms are packed together as closely as possible. The close-packed layers adopt a two-layer repeating pattern, which leads to a primitive hexagonal unit cell. (Section 12.3)
Low-resolution mass spectrometry
Instrumentation that is capable of separating only ions that differ in mass by 1 or more amu.
A common name for a thiol; that is, any compound that contains an -SH (sulfhydryl) group
The study of which frequencies of radiation are absorbed or emitted by a particular substance and the correlation of these frequencies with details of molecular structure.
A form of lipid molecule that contains charged phosphate groups. (Section 24.9)
Biological damage caused by photosensitizers, light, and oxygen, used to kill tumor and other cells.
plane of symmetry
A plane that bisects a compound into two halves that are mirror images of each other.
standard atomic weight
The weighted averages for each element, which takes into account isotopic abundance.
An atom, most commonly carbon, about which exchange of two groups produces a stereoisomer. Chiral centers are one type of stereocenter
A prefi x meaning across from.
Having trouble accessing your account? Let us help you, contact support at +1(510) 944-1054 or firstname.lastname@example.org
Forgot password? Reset it here