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Solutions for Chapter 12.3: Nitration of Benzene

Organic Chemistry, | 9th Edition | ISBN: 9780073402741 | Authors: Francis A Carey Dr., Robert M. Giuliano

Full solutions for Organic Chemistry, | 9th Edition

ISBN: 9780073402741

Organic Chemistry, | 9th Edition | ISBN: 9780073402741 | Authors: Francis A Carey Dr., Robert M. Giuliano

Solutions for Chapter 12.3: Nitration of Benzene

Solutions for Chapter 12.3
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Since 2 problems in chapter 12.3: Nitration of Benzene have been answered, more than 36375 students have viewed full step-by-step solutions from this chapter. This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Organic Chemistry, , edition: 9. This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions. Organic Chemistry, was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9780073402741. Chapter 12.3: Nitration of Benzene includes 2 full step-by-step solutions.

Key Chemistry Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • acyl peroxide

    A peroxide for which each oxygen atom is connected to an acyl group. Acyl peroxides are often used as radical initiators, because the O!O bond is especially weak.

  • addition polymerization

    Polymerization that occurs through coupling of monomers with one another, with no other products formed in the reaction. (Section 12.8)

  • Anomeric carbon

    The hemiacetal or acetal carbon of the cyclic form of a carbohydrate

  • becquerel

    The SI unit of radioactivity. It corresponds to one nuclear disintegration per second. (Section 21.4)

  • boiling-point elevation (DTb).

    The boiling point of the solution (Tb) minus the boiling point of the pure solvent (T° b). (12.6)

  • colloid.

    A dispersion of particles of one substance (the dispersed phase) throughout a dispersing medium made of another substance. (12.8)

  • critical pressure

    The pressure at which a gas at its critical temperature is converted to a liquid state. (Section 11.4)

  • Disulfide

    A molecule containing an !S!S! group

  • enol

    A compound containing a hydroxyl group (OH) connected directly to a carbon-carbon double bond.

  • First ionization potential

    The energy needed to remove the most loosely held electron from an atom or molecule.

  • folding

    The process by which a protein adopts its biologically active shape. (Section 24.7)

  • heterocycle

    A cyclic compound containing at least one heteroatom (such as S, N, or O) in the ring.

  • initiation

    In radical reaction mechanisms, a step in which radicals are created.

  • Lactone

    A cyclic ester.

  • Lindlar catalyst

    Finely powdered palladium metal deposited on solid calcium carbonate that has been specially modifi ed with lead salts. Its particular use is as a catalyst for the reduction of an alkyne to a cis alkene

  • lipid

    Naturally occurring compoundsthat can be extracted from cells usingnonpolar organic solvents.

  • Melt transition (Tm)

    The temperature at which crystalline regions of a polymer melt.

  • neutralization reaction

    A reaction in which an acid and a base react in stoichiometrically equivalent amounts; the neutralization reaction between an acid and a metal hydroxide produces water and a salt. (Section 4.3)

  • Nucleophile

    From the Greek meaning nucleus-loving. Any species that can donate a pair of electrons to form a new covalent bond; alternatively, a Lewis base

  • Polyester

    A polymer in which each monomer unit is joined to the next by an ester bond, as, for example, poly(ethylene terephthalate).

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