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Solutions for Chapter 12.4: Sulfonation of Benzene

Organic Chemistry, | 9th Edition | ISBN: 9780073402741 | Authors: Francis A Carey Dr., Robert M. Giuliano

Full solutions for Organic Chemistry, | 9th Edition

ISBN: 9780073402741

Organic Chemistry, | 9th Edition | ISBN: 9780073402741 | Authors: Francis A Carey Dr., Robert M. Giuliano

Solutions for Chapter 12.4: Sulfonation of Benzene

Solutions for Chapter 12.4
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This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions. Since 1 problems in chapter 12.4: Sulfonation of Benzene have been answered, more than 27831 students have viewed full step-by-step solutions from this chapter. This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Organic Chemistry, , edition: 9. Organic Chemistry, was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9780073402741. Chapter 12.4: Sulfonation of Benzene includes 1 full step-by-step solutions.

Key Chemistry Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • activity series

    A list of metals in order of decreasing ease of oxidation. (Section 4.4)

  • alkoxide

    The conjugate base of an alcohol.

  • amorphous

    A region of a polymer in which nearby chains are not linearly extended and are not parallel to one another.

  • compound.

    A substance composed of atoms of two or more elements chemically united in fixed proportions. (1.4)

  • condensation reaction

    A chemical reaction in which a small molecule (such as a molecule of water) is split out from between two reacting molecules. (Sections 12.6 and 22.8)

  • configuration

    The 3D spatial orientation of the groups connected to a chirality center (R or S ) or of the groups in a stereoisiomeric alkene (E or Z).

  • Dieckmann cyclization

    An intramolecular Claisen condensation.

  • glass transition temperature (Tg)

    The temperature at which noncrystalline polymers become very soft.

  • ideal solution

    A solution that obeys Raoult’s law. (Section 13.5)

  • Lewis structure

    A representation of covalent bonding in a molecule that is drawn using Lewis symbols. Shared electron pairs are shown as lines, and unshared electron pairs are shown as pairs of dots. Only the valence-shell electrons are shown. (Section 8.3)

  • mean free path

    The average distance traveled by a gas molecule between collisions. (Section 10.8)

  • oxidation

    A process in which a substance loses one or more electrons. (Section 4.4)

  • photoionization

    The removal of an electron from an atom or molecule by absorption of light. (Section 18.2)

  • Resonance in NMR spectroscopy

    The absorption of electromagnetic radiation by a precessing nucleus and the resulting “fl ip” of its nuclear spin from the lower energy state to the higher energy state.

  • reversible process

    A process that can go back and forth between states along exactly the same path; a system at equilibrium is reversible if equilibrium can be shifted by an infinitesimal modification of a variable such as temperature. (Section 19.1)

  • sigma (s) bond

    A bond that is characterized by circular symmetry with respect to the bond axis.

  • thiols

    Compounds containing a mercapto group (SH).

  • Wavelength (l)

    The distance between consecutive peaks on a wave

  • Wittig reagent

    A reagent used to perform a Wittig reaction.

  • Ylide

    A neutral molecule with positive and negative charges on adjacent atoms

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