Solutions for Chapter 12.4: Sulfonation of Benzene
Full solutions for Organic Chemistry, | 9th Edition
A type of polypeptide secondary structure in which sections of polypeptide chains are aligned parallel or antiparallel to one another.
A nuclear decay process where a beta particle is emitted from the nucleus; also called beta decay. (Section 21.1)
A crystal lattice in which the lattice points are located at the center and corners of each unit cell. (Section 12.2)
A substance that forms complex ions with metal ions in solution. (23.3)
chemical shift (d)
In an NMR spectrum, the location of a signal, defined relative to the frequency of absorption of a reference compound, tetramethylsilane (TMS).
A shift of an equilibrium induced by an ion common to the equilibrium. For example, added Na2SO4 decreases the solubility of the slightly soluble salt BaSO4, or added NaF decreases the percent ionization of HF. (Section 17.1)
Compounds containing the CN2 ion. (22.3)
The ratio of an object’s mass to its volume. (Section 1.4)
A compound containing two hydroxyl groups
The transition of an electron in a transition-metal compound from a lower-energy d orbital to a higher-energy d orbital. (Section 23.6)
Long-chain carboxylic acids.
A reaction in which a carboxylic acid undergoes a-halogenation when treated with bromine in the presence of PBr3.
high-resolution mass spectrometry
A technique that involves the use of a detector that can measure the m/z values to four decimal places.This technique allows for the determination of the molecular formula of an unknown compound.
An achiral compound possessing two or more chiral centers that also has chiral isomers
parts per million (ppm)
The concentration of a solution in grams of solute per 106 (million) grams of solution; equals milligrams of solute per liter of solution for aqueous solutions. (Section 13.4)
pH titration curve
A graph of pH as a function of added titrant. (Section 17.3)
Changes (such as a phase change) that occur with no change in chemical composition. (Section 1.3)
A six-membered cyclic hemiacetal form of a carbohydrate.
The reverse of an aldol reaction. A b-hydroxyketone or aldehyde is converted into two ketones or aldehydes.
An element, such as carbon, that forms four bonds.
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