Solutions for Chapter 12.4: Sulfonation of Benzene

Organic Chemistry, | 9th Edition | ISBN: 9780073402741 | Authors: Francis A Carey Dr., Robert M. Giuliano

Full solutions for Organic Chemistry, | 9th Edition

ISBN: 9780073402741

Organic Chemistry, | 9th Edition | ISBN: 9780073402741 | Authors: Francis A Carey Dr., Robert M. Giuliano

Solutions for Chapter 12.4: Sulfonation of Benzene

Solutions for Chapter 12.4
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This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions. Since 1 problems in chapter 12.4: Sulfonation of Benzene have been answered, more than 10957 students have viewed full step-by-step solutions from this chapter. This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Organic Chemistry, , edition: 9. Organic Chemistry, was written by Patricia and is associated to the ISBN: 9780073402741. Chapter 12.4: Sulfonation of Benzene includes 1 full step-by-step solutions.

Key Chemistry Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • b-Pleated sheet

    A type of polypeptide secondary structure in which sections of polypeptide chains are aligned parallel or antiparallel to one another.

  • beta emission

    A nuclear decay process where a beta particle is emitted from the nucleus; also called beta decay. (Section 21.1)

  • body-centered lattice

    A crystal lattice in which the lattice points are located at the center and corners of each unit cell. (Section 12.2)

  • chelating agent.

    A substance that forms complex ions with metal ions in solution. (23.3)

  • chemical shift (d)

    In an NMR spectrum, the location of a signal, defined relative to the frequency of absorption of a reference compound, tetramethylsilane (TMS).

  • common-ion effect

    A shift of an equilibrium induced by an ion common to the equilibrium. For example, added Na2SO4 decreases the solubility of the slightly soluble salt BaSO4, or added NaF decreases the percent ionization of HF. (Section 17.1)

  • cyanides.

    Compounds containing the CN2 ion. (22.3)

  • density

    The ratio of an object’s mass to its volume. (Section 1.4)

  • Diol

    A compound containing two hydroxyl groups

  • d–d transition

    The transition of an electron in a transition-metal compound from a lower-energy d orbital to a higher-energy d orbital. (Section 23.6)

  • fatty acids

    Long-chain carboxylic acids.

  • Hell-Volhard-Zelinsky reaction

    A reaction in which a carboxylic acid undergoes a-halogenation when treated with bromine in the presence of PBr3.

  • high-resolution mass spectrometry

    A technique that involves the use of a detector that can measure the m/z values to four decimal places.This technique allows for the determination of the molecular formula of an unknown compound.

  • Meso compound

    An achiral compound possessing two or more chiral centers that also has chiral isomers

  • parts per million (ppm)

    The concentration of a solution in grams of solute per 106 (million) grams of solution; equals milligrams of solute per liter of solution for aqueous solutions. (Section 13.4)

  • pH titration curve

    A graph of pH as a function of added titrant. (Section 17.3)

  • physical changes

    Changes (such as a phase change) that occur with no change in chemical composition. (Section 1.3)

  • pyranose ring

    A six-membered cyclic hemiacetal form of a carbohydrate.

  • retro-aldol reaction

    The reverse of an aldol reaction. A b-hydroxyketone or aldehyde is converted into two ketones or aldehydes.

  • tetravalent

    An element, such as carbon, that forms four bonds.

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