- 22.214.171.124: In an attempt to prepare propylbenzene, a chemist alkylated benzene...
- 126.96.36.199: Write a reasonable mechanism for the formation of cyclohexylbenzene...
- 188.8.131.52: tert-Butylbenzene can be prepared by alkylation of benzene using an...
- 184.108.40.206: Outline a synthesis of 1-phenylcyclohexene from benzene and cyclohe...
Solutions for Chapter 12.6: FriedelCrafts Alkylation of Benzene
Full solutions for Organic Chemistry, | 9th Edition
An amino acid in which the amino group is on the carbon adjacent to the carboxyl group.
Any substituent on a benzene ring that causes the rate of electrophilic aromatic substitution to be greater than that for benzene.
Compounds containing a nitrogen atom that is connected to one, two, or three alkyl or aryl groups.
The process whereby water spontaneously forms low concentrations of H+1aq2 and OH-1aq2 ions by proton transfer from one water molecule to another. (Section 16.3)
Polymers that can be broken down by enzymes produced by soil microorganisms.
The dipole moment that is due to unequal electron sharing between two atoms in a covalent bond. (Section 9.3)
A substance formed by addition of a proton to a Brønsted–Lowry base. (Section 16.2)
The amount of fissionable material necessary to maintain a nuclear chain reaction. (Section 21.7)
A compound containing a cyano group and a hydroxyl group connected to the same carbon atom.
Atoms or groups on an atom that give a chiral center when one of the groups is replaced by another group. A pair of enantiomers results. The hydrogens of the CH2 group of ethanol, for example, are enantiotopic. Replacing one of them by deuterium gives (R)-1-deuteroethanol; replacing the other gives (S)-1-deuteroethanol. Enantiotopic groups have identical chemical shifts in achiral environments but different chemical shifts in chiral environments.
Fourier-transform NMR (FT-NMR)
In nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy, a technique in which the sample is irradiated with a short pulse that covers the entire range of relevant rf frequencies.
A simple method for drawing the relative energy levels of the MOs for a ring assembled from continuously overlapping p orbitals.
A voltaic cell that utilizes the oxidation of a conventional fuel, such as H2 or CH4, in the cell reaction. (Section 20.7)
A cyclic ester.
molar heat capacity
The heat required to raise the temperature of one mole of a substance by 1 °C. (Section 5.5)
Polar covalent bond
A covalent bond between atoms whose difference in electronegativity is between approximately 0.5 and 1.9.
For light, the orientation of the electric field.
The sequence of amino acids along a protein chain. (Section 24.7)
A detailed picture, or model, of how the reaction occurs; that is, the order in which bonds are broken and formed and the changes in relative positions of the atoms as the reaction proceeds. (Section 14.6)
A bimolecular nucleophilic substitution reaction.