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Solutions for Chapter 12.7: FriedelCrafts Acylation of Benzene
Full solutions for Organic Chemistry, | 9th Edition
An elimination reaction in which a proton from the beta (b) position is removed together with the leaving group, forming a double bond.
activated complex (transition state)
The particular arrangement of atoms found at the top of the potential-energy barrier as a reaction proceeds from reactants to products. (Section 14.5)
A term used initially to classify benzene and its derivatives. More accurately, it is used to classify any compound that meets the Hückel criteria for aromaticity (Section 21.2A).
When applying Woodward-Fieser rules, the groups attached to the chromophore.
Polymerization in which molecules are joined together through condensation reactions. (Section 12.8)
In an acid-base reaction, the product that results when an acid is deprotonated.
The spreading of electron density over a larger volume of space.
An unsaturated compound derived by the reaction of an aldehyde or ketone and a secondary amine followed by loss of H2O; R2C"CR!NR2
A property that depends on the amount of material considered; for example, mass or volume. (Section 1.3)
A way to view furanose and pyranose forms of monosaccharides. The ring is drawn fl at and most commonly viewed through its edge with the anomeric carbon on the right and the oxygen atom of the ring to the rear
For water, Kw is the product of the aquated hydrogen ion and hydroxide ion concentrations: 3H+43OH-4 = Kw = 1.0 * 10-14 at 25 °C. (Section 16.3)
A compound in which the carbonyl group 1C “O2 occurs at the interior of a carbon chain and is therefore flanked by carbon atoms. (Section 24.4)
Naturally occurring compoundsthat can be extracted from cells usingnonpolar organic solvents.
A polyatomic anion that contains one or more oxygen atoms. (Section 2.8)
Polypeptide chains comprised of more than 40 or 50 amino acids.
A six-membered cyclic hemiacetal form of a carbohydrate.
A radioisotope that can be used to trace the path of an element in a chemical system. (Section 21.5)
Atomic orbitals that are achieved by mathematically averaging one s orbital with two p orbitals to form three hybridized atomic orbitals.
An addition reaction in which two groups are added to the same face of a p bond.
A polymer in which its growing chains are terminated by formation of new functional groups at both ends of its chains. These new functional groups are introduced by adding reagents, such as CO2 or ethylene oxide, to the growing chains.