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Solutions for Chapter 12.7: FriedelCrafts Acylation of Benzene
Full solutions for Organic Chemistry, | 9th Edition
The closeness of a measurement to the true value of the quantity that is measured. (1.8)
Organic bases that have the functional group —NR2, where R may be H, an alkyl group, or an aromatic group. (24.4)
Energy stored within the structural units of chemical substances. (6.1)
An equation that uses chemical symbols to show what happens during a chemical reaction. (3.7)
Chemical shift (d)
The shift in parts per million of an NMR signal relative to the signal of TMS
The study of matter and the changes it undergoes. (1.1)
The production of chlorine gas by the electrolysis of aqueous NaCl solution. (22.6)
A state that is achieved when a compound absorbs energy.
Fischer esterifi cation
The process of forming an ester by refl uxing a carboxylic acid and an alcohol in the presence of an acid catalyst, commonly H2SO4, ArSO3H, or HCl
A biological membrane that consists of a phospholipid bilayer with proteins, carbohydrates, and other lipids on the surface and embedded in the bilayer
A carbohydrate in which the !OH on its anomeric carbon is replaced by !OR
A type of carbocation rearrangement that involves the migration of a hydride ion (H-).
A solution that obeys Raoult’s law. (Section 13.5)
l amino acid
Amino acids with Fischer projections that resemble the Fischer projections of l sugars.
The NO2+ ion, which is present in a mixture of nitric acid and sulfuric acid.
The pH of blood (approximately 7.3).
Sigma (s) molecular orbital
A molecular orbital in which electron density is concentrated between two nuclei, along the axis joining them, and is cylindrically symmetrical
A conformation in which nearby groups in a Newman projection have a dihedral angle of 60°.
A plant or animal lipid having the characteristic tetracyclic ring structure of the steroid nucleus, namely three sixmembered rings and one fi ve-membered ring.
Transfer RNA (tRNA
A ribonucleic acid that carries a specifi c amino acid to the site of protein synthesis on ribosomes
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