Solutions for Chapter 12.8: Synthesis of Alkylbenzenes by AcylationReduction
Full solutions for Organic Chemistry, | 9th Edition
Absolute confi guration
Which of the two possible isomers an enantiomer is (i.e., whether it is the right- or left-handed isomer).
The product obtained when the aldehyde group of an aldose is oxidized.
amino acid residue
The individual repeating units in a polypeptide chain or protein.
An object that is not superimposable on its mirror image.
The amount of fissionable material necessary to maintain a nuclear chain reaction. (Section 21.7)
Glass transition temperature (TG)
The temperature at which a polymer undergoes the transition from a hard glass to a rubbery state
A cyclic compound whose ring contains more than one kind of atom. Oxirane (ethylene oxide), for example, is a heterocycle whose ring contains two carbon atoms and one oxygen atom.
The SI unit of energy, 1 kg@m2 >s2. A related unit is the calorie: 4.184 J = 1 cal. (Section 5.1)
limiting reactant (limiting reagent)
The reactant present in the smallest stoichiometric quantity in a mixture of reactants; the amount of product that can form is limited by the complete consumption of the limiting reactant. (Section 3.7)
The lowest unoccupied molecular orbital.
A reaction in which an acid and a base react in stoichiometrically equivalent amounts; the neutralization reaction between an acid and a metal hydroxide produces water and a salt. (Section 4.3)
A group derived by removing an H from benzene; abbreviated C6H5! or Ph!.
Replacing this hydrogen by deuterium gives a chiral center with an R confi guration
Matter that has a fixed composition and distinct properties. (Section 1.2)
In NMR spectroscopy, a signal that is comprised of five peaks.
A radioactive nuclide. (Section 21.1)
Rate determining step
The step in a multistep reaction sequence that crosses the highest energy barrier.
A measure of the biological damage caused by radiation; rems = rads * RBE. (Section 21.9)
The sulfur analog of an ether; a molecule containing a sulfur atom bonded to two carbon atoms. Sulfi des are also called thioethers
A solution prepared by dissolving Ag2O in aqueous ammonia; used for selective oxidation of an aldehyde to a carboxylic acid.
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