Solutions for Chapter 12.10: Rate and Regioselectivity in the Nitration of Toluene
Full solutions for Organic Chemistry, | 9th Edition
Solutions for Chapter 12.10: Rate and Regioselectivity in the Nitration of TolueneGet Full Solutions
A measure of how closely individual measurements agree with the correct value. (Section 1.5)
A reaction in which two atoms or groups of atoms react with a double bond, forming a compound with the two new groups bonded to the carbons of the original double bond.
The distance between the nuclei of two bonded atoms in a molecule. (9.4)
The most efficient arrangements for packing atoms, molecules, or ions in a crystal. (11.4)
A model of reaction rates based on the idea that molecules must collide to react; it explains the factors influencing reaction rates in terms of the frequency of collisions, the number of collisions with energies exceeding the activation energy, and the probability that the collisions occur with suitable orientations. (Section 14.5)
A compound that reacts with a diene in a Diels-Alder reaction.
The gradual mixing of molecules of one gas with the molecules of another by virtue of their kinetic properties. (5.7)
A negatively charged subatomic particle found outside the atomic nucleus; it is a part of all atoms. An electron has a mass 1>1836 times that of a proton. (Section 2.3)
The energy change that occurs when an electron is added to a gaseous atom or ion. (Section 7.5)
Any process with a negative DG.
An electrophilic aromatic substitution reaction that installs an acyl group on an aromatic ring.
The requirement for an odd number of p electron pairs in order for a compound to be aromatic.
A hypothetical gas whose pressure, volume, and temperature behavior is completely described by the ideal-gas equation. (Section 10.4)
A set of assumptions about the nature of gases. These assumptions, when translated into mathematical form, yield the ideal-gas equation. (Section 10.7)
Compounds formed when hydrogen reacts with nonmetals and metalloids. (Section 22.2)
A method of electron book-keeping in which all bonds are treated as if they were purely ionic.
An isotope that is radioactive; that is, it is undergoing nuclear changes with emission of radiation. (Section 21.1)
A compound that can be used to achieve the resolution of enantiomers.
A polymer in which its growing chains are terminated by formation of new functional groups at both ends of its chains. These new functional groups are introduced by adding reagents, such as CO2 or ethylene oxide, to the growing chains.
An element, such as nitrogen, that forms three bonds.