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Solutions for Chapter 12.19: Nucleophilic Aromatic Substitution

Organic Chemistry, | 9th Edition | ISBN: 9780073402741 | Authors: Francis A Carey Dr., Robert M. Giuliano

Full solutions for Organic Chemistry, | 9th Edition

ISBN: 9780073402741

Organic Chemistry, | 9th Edition | ISBN: 9780073402741 | Authors: Francis A Carey Dr., Robert M. Giuliano

Solutions for Chapter 12.19: Nucleophilic Aromatic Substitution

Solutions for Chapter 12.19
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Chapter 12.19: Nucleophilic Aromatic Substitution includes 1 full step-by-step solutions. This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Organic Chemistry, , edition: 9. Since 1 problems in chapter 12.19: Nucleophilic Aromatic Substitution have been answered, more than 32294 students have viewed full step-by-step solutions from this chapter. Organic Chemistry, was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9780073402741. This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions.

Key Chemistry Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • alkanamine

    A format for naming primary amines containing a complex alkyl group.

  • benzyne

    A high-energy intermediate formed during the elimination-addition reaction that occurs between chlorobenzene and either NaOH (at high temperature) or NaNH2.

  • buffer solution.

    A solution of (a) a weak acid or base and (b) its salt; both components must be present. The solution has the ability to resist changes in pH upon the addition of small amounts of either acid or base. (16.3)

  • Chain-transfer reaction

    The transfer of reactivity of an endgroup from one chain to another during a polymerization

  • Chemical shift (d)

    The shift in parts per million of an NMR signal relative to the signal of TMS

  • condensed structure

    A drawing style in which none of the bonds are drawn. Groups of atoms are clustered together when possible. For example, isopropanol has two CH3 groups, both of which are connected to the central carbon atom, shown like this: (CH3)2CHOH.

  • deactivate

    For a substitutedaromatic ring, the effect of an electronwithdrawingsubstituent that decreases therate of electrophilic aromatic substitution.

  • diffusion

    The spreading of one substance through a space occupied by one or more other substances. (Section 10.8)

  • group

    Elements that are in the same column of the periodic table; elements within the same group or family exhibit similarities in their chemical behavior. (Section 2.5)

  • Hund’s rule

    When considering electrons in atomic orbitals, a rule that states that one electron is placed in each degenerate orbital first, before electrons are paired up.

  • Lewis structures

    A drawing style inwhich the electrons take center stage.linear polymer (Sect. 27.6): A polymer thathas only a minimal amount of branching or nobranching at all.

  • lone pair

    A pair of unshared, or nonbonding, electrons.

  • Melt transition (Tm)

    The temperature at which crystalline regions of a polymer melt.

  • mole

    A collection of Avogadro’s number 16.022 * 10232 of objects; for example, a mole of H2O is 6.022 * 1023 H2O molecules. (Section 3.4)

  • Monosaccharide

    A carbohydrate that cannot be hydrolyzed to a simpler carbohydrate.

  • n+1 rule

    In NMR spectroscopy, if n is the number of neighboring protons, then the multiplicity will be n+1.

  • nucleophilic acyl substitution

    A reaction in which a nucleophile attacks a carboxylic acid derivative.

  • tetrahedral

    The geometry of an atom with four bonds separated from each other by 109.5°.

  • vinylic carbocation

    A carbocation in which the positive charge resides on a vinylic carbon atom. This type of carbocation is very unstable and will not readily form in most cases.

  • Ylide

    A neutral molecule with positive and negative charges on adjacent atoms

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