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Solutions for Chapter 13.11: Complex Splitting Patterns

Organic Chemistry, | 9th Edition | ISBN: 9780073402741 | Authors: Francis A Carey Dr., Robert M. Giuliano

Full solutions for Organic Chemistry, | 9th Edition

ISBN: 9780073402741

Organic Chemistry, | 9th Edition | ISBN: 9780073402741 | Authors: Francis A Carey Dr., Robert M. Giuliano

Solutions for Chapter 13.11: Complex Splitting Patterns

Solutions for Chapter 13.11
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This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Organic Chemistry, , edition: 9. Since 2 problems in chapter 13.11: Complex Splitting Patterns have been answered, more than 36305 students have viewed full step-by-step solutions from this chapter. This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions. Organic Chemistry, was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9780073402741. Chapter 13.11: Complex Splitting Patterns includes 2 full step-by-step solutions.

Key Chemistry Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • Aldonic acid

    The product formed when the !CHO group of an aldose is oxidized to a !COOH group

  • Benzyne intermediate

    A reactive intermediate formed by b-elimination from adjacent carbon atoms of a benzene ring and having a triple bond in the benzene ring. The second p bond of the benzyne triple bond is formed by the weak overlap of coplanar 2p orbitals on adjacent carbons.

  • chemical kinetics

    The area of chemistry concerned with the speeds, or rates, at which chemical reactions occur. (Chapter 14: Introduction)

  • conformation

    A three-dimensional shape that can be adopted by a compound as a result of rotation about single bonds.

  • coordination number

    The number of adjacent atoms to which an atom is directly bonded. In a complex the coordination number of the metal ion is the number of donor atoms to which it is bonded. (Sections 12.37 and 24.2)

  • Epoxide

    A cyclic ether in which oxygen is one atom of a three-membered ring

  • free energy (Gibbs free energy, G)

    A thermodynamic state function that gives a criterion for spontaneous change in terms of enthalpy and entropy: G = H - TS. (Section 19.5)

  • heat capacity

    The quantity of heat required to raise the temperature of a sample of matter by 1 °C (or 1 K). (Section 5.5)

  • instantaneous rate

    The reaction rate at a particular time as opposed to the average rate over an interval of time. (Section 14.2)

  • Ka

    A measure of the strength of an acid: Ka = Keq 3H2O4 = 3H3O+ 4 3A- 4 3HA4

  • lactone

    A cyclic ester.

  • nucleic acids

    Polymers of high molecular weight that carry genetic information and control protein synthesis. (Section 24.10)

  • para

    On an aromatic ring, the C4position.

  • pascal (Pa)

    The SI unit of pressure: 1 Pa = 1 N >m2 . (Section 10.2)

  • phenolate

    The conjugate base of phenol or a substituted phenol.

  • quantum

    The smallest increment of radiant energy that may be absorbed or emitted; the magnitude of radiant energy is hn. (Section 6.2)

  • rate constant

    A constant of proportionality between the reaction rate and the concentrations of reactants that appear in the rate law. (Section 14.3)

  • spontaneous

    A reaction with a negative DG, which means that products are favored at equilibrium.

  • Williamson ether synthesis

    A method for preparing an ether from an alkoxide ion and an alkyl halide (via an SN2 process).

  • Zaitsev product

    The more substituted product (alkene) of an elimination reaction.

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