- 188.8.131.52: Describe the splitting pattern expected for the proton at (a) C-2 i...
- 184.108.40.206: A portion of the 1 H NMR spectrum of the amino acid phenylalanine i...
Solutions for Chapter 13.11: Complex Splitting Patterns
Full solutions for Organic Chemistry, | 9th Edition
The product formed when the !CHO group of an aldose is oxidized to a !COOH group
A reactive intermediate formed by b-elimination from adjacent carbon atoms of a benzene ring and having a triple bond in the benzene ring. The second p bond of the benzyne triple bond is formed by the weak overlap of coplanar 2p orbitals on adjacent carbons.
The area of chemistry concerned with the speeds, or rates, at which chemical reactions occur. (Chapter 14: Introduction)
A three-dimensional shape that can be adopted by a compound as a result of rotation about single bonds.
The number of adjacent atoms to which an atom is directly bonded. In a complex the coordination number of the metal ion is the number of donor atoms to which it is bonded. (Sections 12.37 and 24.2)
A cyclic ether in which oxygen is one atom of a three-membered ring
free energy (Gibbs free energy, G)
A thermodynamic state function that gives a criterion for spontaneous change in terms of enthalpy and entropy: G = H - TS. (Section 19.5)
The quantity of heat required to raise the temperature of a sample of matter by 1 °C (or 1 K). (Section 5.5)
The reaction rate at a particular time as opposed to the average rate over an interval of time. (Section 14.2)
A measure of the strength of an acid: Ka = Keq 3H2O4 = 3H3O+ 4 3A- 4 3HA4
A cyclic ester.
Polymers of high molecular weight that carry genetic information and control protein synthesis. (Section 24.10)
On an aromatic ring, the C4position.
The SI unit of pressure: 1 Pa = 1 N >m2 . (Section 10.2)
The conjugate base of phenol or a substituted phenol.
The smallest increment of radiant energy that may be absorbed or emitted; the magnitude of radiant energy is hn. (Section 6.2)
A constant of proportionality between the reaction rate and the concentrations of reactants that appear in the rate law. (Section 14.3)
A reaction with a negative DG, which means that products are favored at equilibrium.
Williamson ether synthesis
A method for preparing an ether from an alkoxide ion and an alkyl halide (via an SN2 process).
The more substituted product (alkene) of an elimination reaction.