Solutions for Chapter 13.12: 1 H NMR Spectra of Alcohols
Full solutions for Organic Chemistry, | 9th Edition
Any substituent on a benzene ring that causes the rate of electrophilic aromatic substitution to be greater than that for benzene.
An organic compound obtained by substituting a hydroxyl group 1¬OH2 for a hydrogen on a hydrocarbon. (Sections 2.9 and 24.4)
The hemiacetal or acetal carbon of the cyclic form of a carbohydrate
Delocalized electrons move freely through “bands” formed by overlapping molecular orbitals. (21.3)
A form of carbon produced when wood is heated strongly in a deficiency of air. (Section 22.9)
A reaction involving loss of CO2, characteristic of compounds containing a carbonyl group that is beta to a COOH group.
Removal of !H and !X from adjacent carbons; a type of b-elimination
A chemical formula that shows the kinds of atoms and their relative numbers in a substance in the smallest possible whole-number ratios. (Section 2.6)
Any process with a positive DG.
A bond to a chair conformation of cyclohexane that extends from the ring roughly perpendicular to the imaginary axis through the center of the ring; a bond that lies roughly along the equator of a cyclohexane ring
The mass of the collection of atoms represented by a chemical formula. For example, the formula weight of NO2 (46.0 amu) is the sum of the masses of one nitrogen atom and two oxygen atoms. (Section 3.3)
The less substituted product (alkene) of an elimination reaction.
A compound with the structure R!C#C!R, where each R group is not a hydrogen atom.
A group of molecules arranged in a sphere such that the surface of the sphere is comprised of polar groups, rendering the micelle water soluble.
Molecular ion (M1)
The radical cation formed by removal of a single electron from a parent molecule in a mass spectrometer.
A cyclic ether containing a three-membered ring system. Also called an epoxide.
Principle of microscopic reversibility
This principle states that the sequence of transition states and reactive intermediates in the mechanism of any reversible reaction must be the same, but in reverse order, for the reverse reaction as for the forward reaction
The conversion of an aryl diazonium salt into fluorobenzene upon treatment with fluoroboric acid (HBF4).
The digits that indicate the precision with which a measurement is made; all digits of a measured quantity are significant, including the last digit, which is uncertain. (Section 1.5)
A protein used to transport molecules or ions from one location to another. Hemoglobin is a classic example of a transport protein, used to transport molecular oxygen from the lungs to all the tissues of the body.
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