Solutions for Chapter 14.7: Retrosynthetic Analysis and Grignard and Organolithium Reagents
Full solutions for Organic Chemistry, | 9th Edition
Solutions for Chapter 14.7: Retrosynthetic Analysis and Grignard and Organolithium ReagentsGet Full Solutions
The resonancestabilized, cationic intermediate of a Friedel-Crafts acylation, formed by treating an acyl halide with aluminum trichloride.
A polyaromatic amide; a polymer in which the monomer units are an aromatic diamine and an aromatic dicarboxylic acid
A reaction in which a ketone is treated with a peroxy acid and is converted into an ester via the insertion of an oxygen atom.
A galvanic cell, or a series of combined galvanic cells, that can be used as a source of direct electric current at a constant voltage. (18.6)
The SI unit of radioactivity. It corresponds to one nuclear disintegration per second. (Section 21.4)
common ion effect.
The shift in equilibrium caused by the addition of a compound having an ion in common with the dissolved substances. (16.2)
Addition of a nucleophile to the b-carbon of an a,b-unsaturated carbonyl compound. (Section 20.2A) Addition to carbons 1 and 4 of a conjugated diene.
When two waves interact with each other in a way that produces a wave with a larger amplitude.
The number of adjacent atoms to which an atom is directly bonded. In a complex the coordination number of the metal ion is the number of donor atoms to which it is bonded. (Sections 12.37 and 24.2)
A graph showing the changes in energy that occur during a chemical reaction; energy is plotted on the vertical axis, and reaction progress is plotted on the horizontal axis. Also called a reaction coordinate diagram
For chair conformations of substituted cyclohexanes, a position that is approximately along the equator of the ring.
inversion of configuration
During a reaction, when the configuration of a chirality center is changed.
Electrically charged atom or group of atoms (polyatomic ion); ions can be positively or negatively charged, depending on whether electrons are lost (positive) or gained (negative) by the atoms. (Section 2.7)
A solid, inorganic substance occurring in nature, such as calcium carbonate, which occurs as calcite. (Section 23.1)
Members of group 8A in the periodic table. (Section 7.8)
An equation that relates the reaction rate to the concentrations of reactants (and sometimes of products also). (Section 14.3)
secondary alkyl halide
An organohalide in which the alpha (a) position is connected to exactly two alkyl groups.
Stork enamine synthesis
A Michaelreaction in which an enamine functions as anucleophile.
An intermediate with tetrahedral geometry. This type of intermediate is formed when a nucleophile attacks the carbonyl group of a carboxylic acid derivative.
Polymers that are hard at room temperature but soft when heated.
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