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Solutions for Chapter 14.9: Transition-Metal Organometallic Compounds
Full solutions for Organic Chemistry, | 9th Edition
A high-energy molecular orbital resulting from the destructive interference between atomic orbitals.
An acid that is not a proton donor; an acid that is an electron pair acceptor in a Lewis acid-base reaction.
A type of geometry resulting from an sp3-hybridized atom that has two lone pairs. For example, the oxygen atom in H2O.
A polymer that is formed under conditions in which the monomers do not react directly with each other, but rather, each monomer is added to the growing chain, one at a time.
The rules used in naming substances. (Section 2.8)
Chlorofl uorocarbons (CFCs, Freons)
Compounds with one or two carbons, chlorine, and fl uorine, formerly used as refrigerants
A dispersion of particles of one substance (the dispersed phase) throughout a dispersing medium made of another substance. (12.8)
A lipid that readily undergoes hydrolysis in aqueous acid or base to produce smaller fragments.
A nonsuperimposable mirror image.
The energy released when 1 g of a substance is combusted. (Section 5.8)
High-resolution mass spectrometry
Instrumentation that is capable of separating ions that differ in mass by as little as 0.0001 amu
l amino acid
Amino acids with Fischer projections that resemble the Fischer projections of l sugars.
A drawing style inwhich the electrons take center stage.linear polymer (Sect. 27.6): A polymer thathas only a minimal amount of branching or nobranching at all.
A metal complex in which the electrons are paired in lower-energy orbitals. (Section 23.6)
In a Lewis structure a pair of electrons assigned completely to one atom; also called a lone pair. (Section 9.2)
Pi (p) molecular orbital
A molecular orbital formed by overlapping parallel 2p orbitals on adjacent atoms; its electron density lies above and below the line connecting the atoms
The ability of an atom or molecule to distribute its electron density unevenly in response to external influences.
Polymers made up of repeating urethane groups, also sometimes called carbamate groups (!N!CO2!).
Atomic orbitals that are achieved by mathematically averaging one s orbital with two p orbitals to form three hybridized atomic orbitals.
An addition reaction in which two groups are added to the same face of a p bond.