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Solutions for Chapter 14.10: Organocopper Reagents
Full solutions for Organic Chemistry, | 9th Edition
The basic unit of an element that can enter into chemical combination. (2.2)
An alkane containing two rings that share two carbons
In 13C NMR spectroscopy, a technique in which all 13C!1H splitting is suppressed with the use of two rf transmitters.
The potential difference between the cathode and anode in an electrochemical cell; it is measured in volts: 1 V = 1 J>C. Also called electromotive force. (Section 20.4)
The circulation of electron density in the presence of an external magnetic field, which produces a local (induced) magnetic field that opposes the external magnetic field.
The attraction between the positive end of one dipole and the negative end of another.
A voltaic cell that utilizes the oxidation of a conventional fuel, such as H2 or CH4, in the cell reaction. (Section 20.7)
A conformation about a single bond of an alkane in which two groups on adjacent carbons lie at a dihedral angle of 60°
A catalyst that is in the same phase as the reactant substances. (Section 14.7)
The equilibrium established between reactant and product substances that are all in the same phase. (Section 15.4)
The absolute temperature scale; the SI unit for temperature is the kelvin. Zero on the Kelvin scale corresponds to -273.15 °C. (Section 1.4)
Nucleophilic aromatic substitution
A reaction in which a nucleophile, most commonly a halogen, on an aromatic ring is replaced by another nucleophile.
An electrically charged group of two or more atoms. (Section 2.7)
Polymers that are similar in structure to polyesters but with repeating carbonate groups (!O!CO2!) instead of repeating ester groups (!CO2!). polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons
A series of intermediates and curved arrows that show howthe reaction occurs in terms of the motion of electrons.
The reverse of an aldol reaction. A b-hydroxyketone or aldehyde is converted into two ketones or aldehydes.
The process by which water molecules move under high pressure through a semipermeable membrane from the more concentrated to the less concentrated solution. (Section 18.4)
A reaction with a negative DG, which means that products are favored at equilibrium.
The sulfur analog of an ether; a molecule containing a sulfur atom bonded to two carbon atoms. Sulfi des are also called thioethers
Highly crosslinked polymers that are generally very hard and insoluble.
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