Solutions for Chapter 15.4: Preparation of Alcohols from Epoxides
Full solutions for Organic Chemistry, | 9th Edition
A compound containing an !OH (hydroxyl) group bonded to a carbon atom
A two-step process that achieves Markovnikov addition of an alcohol (H and OR) across an alkene. The product of this process is an ether.
The distance between the nuclei of two bonded atoms in a molecule. (9.4)
A proton donor
A substance consisting of atoms of the same atomic number. Historically defined as a substance that cannot be separated into simpler substances by chemical means. (Sections 1.1 and 1.2)
Proteins that consist of chains that are coiled into compact shapes.
A polyhydroxy aldehyde whose formula is CH2OH1CHOH24CHO; it is the most important of the monosaccharides. (Section 24.8)
The time required for the concentration of a reactant substance to decrease to half its initial value; the time required for half of a sample of a particular radioisotope to decay. (Sections 14.4 and 21.4)
heterolytic bond cleavage
Bond breaking that results in the formation of ions.
hydrogen deficiency index (HDI)
A measure of the number of degrees of unsaturation in a compound.
Hückel criteria for aromaticity
To be aromatic, a monocyclic compound must have one 2p orbital on each atom of the ring, be planar or nearly so, and have (4n 1 2) p electrons in the cyclic arrangement of 2p orbitals
A compound in which the carbonyl group 1C “O2 occurs at the interior of a carbon chain and is therefore flanked by carbon atoms. (Section 24.4)
The number of grams of solute in each 100 g of solution. (Section 13.4)
A conversion of one kind of nucleus to another. (Section 21.3)
A property that a substance possesses if it contains one or more unpaired electrons. A paramagnetic substance is drawn into a magnetic field. (Section 9.8)
Cleavage by light.
A mixture of equal amounts of two enantiomers.
A radioactive nuclide. (Section 21.1)
An excellent leaving group (OTs). transition state (Sect. 6.6): A state through which a reaction passes. On an energy diagram, a transition state corresponds with a local maximum.
In IR spectroscopy, the location of each signal is reported in terms of this frequency-related unit.
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