- 220.127.116.11: Write the structure of the ester formed in each of the following re...
- 18.104.22.168: From what alcohol and acyl chloride can the following esters be syn...
Solutions for Chapter 15.8: Esterification
Full solutions for Organic Chemistry, | 9th Edition
Compounds that will react with either acids or bases. Amino acids are amphoteric.
The electronic structure of a solid, defining the allowed ranges of energy for electrons in a solid. (Section 12.7)
Polyhydroxy aldehydes or ketones with molecular formula CxH2xOx.
crystal field splitting (D).
The energy difference between two sets of d orbitals in a metal atom when ligands are present. (23.5)
A compound containing an electron-deficient atom that is capable of accepting a pair of electrons.
A technique for separating amino acids from each other based on a difference in pI values.
Fourier-transform NMR (FT-NMR)
In nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy, a technique in which the sample is irradiated with a short pulse that covers the entire range of relevant rf frequencies.
The number of times per second that one complete wavelength passes a given point. (Section 6.1)
For substituted cycloalkanes, a drawing style used to clearly identify which groups are above the ring and which groups are below the ring. (See also Sect. 4.14.)
When considering electrons in atomic orbitals, a rule that states that one electron is placed in each degenerate orbital first, before electrons are paired up.
Protons that are exchanged at a rapid rate.
lithium dialkyl cuprate
A nucleophilic compound with the general structureR2CuLi.
Molecular ion (M1)
The radical cation formed by removal of a single electron from a parent molecule in a mass spectrometer.
An intermediate with a positively charged oxygen atom.
A compound containing several ether groups.
A biopolymer formed from amino acids. (Section 24.7)
The smallest increment of radiant energy that may be absorbed or emitted; the magnitude of radiant energy is hn. (Section 6.2)
A carbohydrate that is oxidized upon treatment with Tollens’ reagent, Fehling’s reagent, or Benedict’s reagent.
A test for determining the relationship between two protons. The compound is drawn two times, each time replacing one of the protons with deuterium. If the two compounds are identical, the protons are homotopic. If the two compounds are enantiomers, the protons are enantiotopic. If the two compounds are diastereomers, the protons are diastereotopic.
A reaction in which one substrate produces two stereoisomers in unequal amounts.