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Solutions for Chapter 16.6: The Williamson Ether Synthesis
Full solutions for Organic Chemistry, | 9th Edition
A reaction that achieves the addition of water across a double bond in the presence of an acid catalyst.
acid-dissociation constant (Ka)
An equilibrium constant that expresses the extent to which an acid transfers a proton to solvent water. (Section 16.6)
Avogadro’s number (NA).
6.022 3 1023; the number of particles in a mole. (3.2)
basic oxide (basic anhydride)
An oxide that either reacts with water to form a base or reacts with an acid to form a salt and water. (Section 22.5)
A nonplanar conformation of a cyclohexane ring in which carbons 1 and 4 of the ring are bent toward each other
The amount of acid or base a buffer can neutralize before the pH begins to change appreciably. (Section 17.2)
The area of chemistry concerned with the speeds, or rates, at which chemical reactions occur. (13.1)
A measure of radioactivity: 1 curie = 3.7 * 1010 nuclear disintegrations per second. (Section 21.4)
B2H6. A dimeric structure formed when one borane molecule reacts with another.
A procedure for preparing a less concentrated solution from a more concentrated solution. (4.5)
A compound with the structure R!C#C!R, where each R group is not a hydrogen atom.
The ratio of the number of moles of one component of a mixture to the total moles of all components; abbreviated X, with a subscript to identify the component. (Section 10.6)
Model of the atom with a nucleus containing protons and neutrons and with electrons in the space outside the nucleus. (Section 2.2)
Principle of microscopic reversibility
This principle states that the sequence of transition states and reactive intermediates in the mechanism of any reversible reaction must be the same, but in reverse order, for the reverse reaction as for the forward reaction
The determination of the presence or absence of a particular substance in a mixture. (Section 17.7)
In NMR spectroscopy, a signal that is comprised of four peaks.
A covalent bond involving one electron pair. (Section 8.3)
Two objects that are identical.
High-molecular-weight esters that are constructed from carboxylic acids and alcohols.
The more substituted product (alkene) of an elimination reaction.
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