Solutions for Chapter 16.10: Conversion of Vicinal Halohydrins to Epoxides
Full solutions for Organic Chemistry, | 9th Edition
A polymerization that involves sequential addition reactions, either to unsaturated monomers or to monomers possessing other reactive functional groups.
cholesteric liquid crystalline phase
A liquid crystal formed from flat, disc-shaped molecules that align through a stacking of the molecular discs. (Section 11.7)
Reduction of the C"O group of an aldehyde or ketone to a CH2 group using Zn(Hg) and HCl
A property of a solvent (vapor-pressure lowering, freezing-point lowering, boiling-point elevation, osmotic pressure) that depends on the total concentration of solute particles present. (Section 13.5)
The breakdown of a compound into two or more components. (4.4)
Important biological molecules that catalyze virtually all cellular processes.
A derivative of a carboxylic acid in which H of the carboxyl group is replaced by a carbon.
A mixture of triglycerides that is semisolid or solid at room temperature.
The heat evolved in a given process can be expressed as the sum of the heats of several processes that, when added, yield the process of interest. (Section 5.6)
A hydrogen atom with two electrons in its valence shell; H:!
law of constant composition
A law that states that the elemental composition of a pure compound is always the same, regardless of its source; also called the law of definite proportions. (Section 1.2)
The science of extracting metals from their natural sources by a combination of chemical and physical processes. It is also concerned with the properties and structures of metals and alloys. (Section 23.1)
A solid whose dimensions range from 1 to 100 nm and whose properties differ from those of a bulk material with the same composition. (Section 12.1)
Any reaction in which one nucleophile is substituted for another at a tetravalent carbon atom.
The extent to which atomic orbitals on different atoms share the same region of space. When the overlap between two orbitals is large, a strong bond may be formed. (Section 9.4)
pH titration curve
A graph of pH as a function of added titrant. (Section 17.3)
Primary (1°) amine
An amine in which nitrogen is bonded to one carbon and two hydrogens
sigma 1S2 bond
A covalent bond in which electron density is concentrated along the internuclear axis. (Section 9.6)
The energy required to pair an electron with another electron occupying an orbital. (Section 23.6)
A polymer in which its growing chains are terminated by formation of new functional groups at both ends of its chains. These new functional groups are introduced by adding reagents, such as CO2 or ethylene oxide, to the growing chains.
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