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Solutions for Chapter 17.1: Nomenclature
Full solutions for Organic Chemistry, | 9th Edition
In UV-Vis spectroscopy, the value log (I0/I) where I0 is the intensity of the reference beam and I is the intensity of the sample beam.
A steroid hormone, such as testosterone, that promotes tissue and muscle growth and development
Bond dipole moment
A measure of the polarity of a covalent bond. The product of the charge on either atom of a polar bond times the distance between the atoms
A thermodynamic cycle based on Hess’s law that relates the lattice energy of an ionic substance to its enthalpy of formation and to other measurable quantities. (Section 8.2)
crossed aldol reaction
An aldol reaction that occurs between different partners.
Diamagnetic current in NMR
The circulation of electron density in a molecule in an applied magnetic fi eld.
A reaction that produces one enantiomer in preference to the other.
An atom or group of atoms within a molecule that shows a characteristic set of physical and chemical properties
The time required for the concentration of a reactant substance to decrease to half its initial value; the time required for half of a sample of a particular radioisotope to decay. (Sections 14.4 and 21.4)
The requirement for an odd number of p electron pairs in order for a compound to be aromatic.
Naturally occurring compoundsthat can be extracted from cells usingnonpolar organic solvents.
A CH2 group.
nuclear binding energy
The energy required to decompose an atomic nucleus into its component protons and neutrons. (Section 21.6)
nucleophilic acyl substitution
A reaction in which a nucleophile attacks a carboxylic acid derivative.
oxidation number (oxidation state)
A positive or negative whole number assigned to an element in a molecule or ion on the basis of a set of formal rules; to some degree it reflects the positive or negative character of that atom. (Section 4.4)
probability density 1c22
A value that represents the probability that an electron will be found at a given point in space. Also called electron density. (Section 6.5)
A term used to designate the configuration of a chirality center, determined in the following way: Each of the four groups is assigned a priority, and the molecule is then rotated (if necessary) so that the #4 group is directed behind the page (on a dash). A counterclockwise sequence for 1-2-3 is designated as S.
A hydrocarbon that contains no p bonds.
A nucleophilic substitution in which the solvent is also the nucleophile
The starting alkyl halide in a substitution or elimination reaction.