- 220.127.116.11: The common names and structural formulas of a few aldehydes follow....
- 18.104.22.168: Convert each of the following functional class IUPAC names to a sub...
Solutions for Chapter 17.1: Nomenclature
Full solutions for Organic Chemistry, | 9th Edition
The addition of atoms or groups of atoms to opposite faces of a carbon-carbon double bond.
Difference in electrical potential between the anode and the cathode of a galvanic cell. (18.2)
Properties of solutions that depend on the number of solute particles in solution and not on the nature of the solute particles. (12.6)
B2H6. A dimeric structure formed when one borane molecule reacts with another.
Intermolecular forces resulting from attractions between induced dipoles. Also called London dispersion forces. (Section 11.2)
A mixture of triglycerides that is semisolid or solid at room temperature.
A form of magnetism in which unpaired electron spins on different-type ions point in opposite directions but do not fully cancel out. (Section 23.1)
A barbed curved arrow used to show the change in position of a single electron.
Matter that has no fixed volume or shape; it conforms to the volume and shape of its container. (Section 1.2)
Gibbs free energy change (DG°)
The energy that dictates the position of chemical equilibria and rates of chemical reactions. A thermodynamic function of enthalpy, entropy, and temperature, given by the equation DG° 5 DH° 2 TDS°. If DG° , 0, the position of equilibria for the reaction favors products. If DG° . 0, the position of equilibria favors reactants.
A carbanion with the structure RMgX.
Elements that are in the same column of the periodic table; elements within the same group or family exhibit similarities in their chemical behavior. (Section 2.5)
The SI unit of energy, 1 kg@m2 >s2. A related unit is the calorie: 4.184 J = 1 cal. (Section 5.1)
An ion or molecule that coordinates to a metal atom or to a metal ion to form a complex. (Section 23.2)
The product of the mass, m, and velocity, v, of an object. (Section 6.4)
partially condensed structures
A drawing style in which the CH bonds are not drawn explicitly, but all other bonds are drawn.
A reaction that disobeys conservation of orbital symmetry.
A molecule containing three amino acid units, each joined to the next by a peptide bond
A reaction in which only one species is involved in the rate-determining step
Groups that weakly deactivate an aromatic ring toward electrophilic aromatic substitution, thereby decreasing the rate of the reaction.
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