- 184.108.40.206: Be sure you fully understand Mechanism 17.4 by writing equations fo...
- 220.127.116.11: Write the structures of the cyclic acetal or ketal derived from eac...
- 18.104.22.168: 17.10 asked you to write details of the mechanism describing format...
Solutions for Chapter 17.8: Reaction with Alcohols: Acetals and Ketals
Full solutions for Organic Chemistry, | 9th Edition
A compound containing an sp3 -hybridized nitrogen atom bonded to one, two, or three carbon atoms
A monocyclic compound that is planar or nearly so, has one 2p orbital on each atom of the ring, and has 4n p electrons in the cyclic arrangement of overlapping 2p orbitals, where n is an integer. Antiaromatic compounds are especially unstable
beta (b) anomer
The cyclic hemiacetal of an aldose, in which the hydroxyl group at the anomeric position is cis to the CH2OH group.
A form of carbon produced when wood is heated strongly in a deficiency of air. (Section 22.9)
A polydentate ligand that is capable of occupying two or more sites in the coordination sphere. (Section 23.3)
A chemical reaction in which two or more substances combine to form a single product. (Section 3.2)
Loss of CO2 from a carboxyl group.
The negative charge carried by an electron; it has a magnitude of 1.602 * 10-19 C. (Section 2.3)
A diagram that shows the energies of molecular orbitals relative to the atomic orbitals from which they are derived. Also called a molecular-orbital diagram. (Section 9.7)
free energy (Gibbs free energy, G)
A thermodynamic state function that gives a criterion for spontaneous change in terms of enthalpy and entropy: G = H - TS. (Section 19.5)
A method forpreparing primary amines that avoids formation of secondary and tertiary amines.
An ion or molecule that coordinates to a metal atom or to a metal ion to form a complex. (Section 23.2)
mean free path
The average distance traveled by a gas molecule between collisions. (Section 10.8)
molal freezing-point-depression constant (Kf)
A constant characteristic of a particular solvent that gives the decrease in freezing point as a function of solution molality: ?Tf = -Kf m. (Section 13.5)
The net movement of solvent through a semipermeable membrane toward the solution with greater solute concentration. (Section 13.5)
A compound with a weak bond that undergoes homolytic bond cleavage with great ease, producing radicals that can initiate a radical chain process.
A process that can go back and forth between states along exactly the same path; a system at equilibrium is reversible if equilibrium can be shifted by an infinitesimal modification of a variable such as temperature. (Section 19.1)
root-mean-square (rms) speed 1M2
The square root of the average of the squared speeds of the gas molecules in a gas sample. (Section 10.7)
Compounds containing silicon and oxygen, structurally based on SiO4 tetrahedra. (Section 22.10)
Polymers that are hard at room temperature but soft when heated.
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