- 22.214.171.124: Be sure you fully understand Mechanism 17.4 by writing equations fo...
- 126.96.36.199: Write the structures of the cyclic acetal or ketal derived from eac...
- 188.8.131.52: 17.10 asked you to write details of the mechanism describing format...
Solutions for Chapter 17.8: Reaction with Alcohols: Acetals and Ketals
Full solutions for Organic Chemistry, | 9th Edition
The decay rate of a radioactive material, generally expressed as the number of disintegrations per unit time. (Section 21.4)
An organic compound obtained by substituting a hydroxyl group 1¬OH2 for a hydrogen on a hydrocarbon. (Sections 2.9 and 24.4)
Avogadro’s number (NA)
The number of 12C atoms in exactly 12 g of 12C; it equals 6.022 * 1023 mol-1. (Section 3.4)
cholesteric liquid crystalline phase
A liquid crystal formed from flat, disc-shaped molecules that align through a stacking of the molecular discs. (Section 11.7)
A semiconducting material formed from two or more elements. (Section 12.7)
The structure for DNA that involves the winding of two DNA polynucleotide chains together in a helical arrangement. The two strands of the double helix are complementary in that the organic bases on the two strands are paired for optimal hydrogen bond interaction. (Section 24.10)
A compound with hydroxyl (!OH) groups on adjacent carbons.
Gases in an atmosphere that absorb and emit infrared radiation (radiant heat), “trapping” heat in the atmosphere. (Section 18.2)
The sum of the number of protons and neutrons in the nucleus of a particular atom. (Section 2.3)
An achiral compound possessing two or more chiral centers that also has chiral isomers
The concentration of a solution expressed as moles of solute per liter of solution; abbreviated M. (Section 4.5)
An organic compound containing at least one halogen.
An industrial process used to make nitric acid from ammonia. The NH3 is catalytically oxidized by O2 to form NO; NO in air is oxidized to NO2; HNO3 is formed in a disproportionation reaction when NO2 dissolves in water. (Section 22.7)
A method of electron book-keeping in which all bonds are treated as if they were purely ionic.
A measure of the ease of distortion of the distribution of electron density about an atom or group in response to interaction with other molecules or ions. Fluorine which has a high electronegativity and holds its electrons tightly, has a very low polarizability. Iodine, which has a lower electronegativity and holds its electrons less tightly, has a very high polarizability.
A radioactive nuclide. (Section 21.1)
Secondary (2°) amine
An amine in which nitrogen is bonded to two carbons and one hydrogen
Secondary structure of proteins
The ordered arrangements (conformations) of amino acids in localized regions of a polypeptide or protein
The digits that indicate the precision with which a measurement is made; all digits of a measured quantity are significant, including the last digit, which is uncertain. (Section 1.5)
A compound whose carbon skeleton can be divided into two or more units identical with the carbon skeleton of isoprene