Solutions for Chapter 17.8: Reaction with Alcohols: Acetals and Ketals

Organic Chemistry, | 9th Edition | ISBN: 9780073402741 | Authors: Francis A Carey Dr., Robert M. Giuliano

Full solutions for Organic Chemistry, | 9th Edition

ISBN: 9780073402741

Organic Chemistry, | 9th Edition | ISBN: 9780073402741 | Authors: Francis A Carey Dr., Robert M. Giuliano

Solutions for Chapter 17.8: Reaction with Alcohols: Acetals and Ketals

This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Organic Chemistry, , edition: 9. Since 3 problems in chapter 17.8: Reaction with Alcohols: Acetals and Ketals have been answered, more than 12418 students have viewed full step-by-step solutions from this chapter. Chapter 17.8: Reaction with Alcohols: Acetals and Ketals includes 3 full step-by-step solutions. Organic Chemistry, was written by Patricia and is associated to the ISBN: 9780073402741. This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions.

Key Chemistry Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • Amino group

    A compound containing an sp3 -hybridized nitrogen atom bonded to one, two, or three carbon atoms

  • Antiaromatic compound

    A monocyclic compound that is planar or nearly so, has one 2p orbital on each atom of the ring, and has 4n p electrons in the cyclic arrangement of overlapping 2p orbitals, where n is an integer. Antiaromatic compounds are especially unstable

  • beta (b) anomer

    The cyclic hemiacetal of an aldose, in which the hydroxyl group at the anomeric position is cis to the CH2OH group.

  • charcoal

    A form of carbon produced when wood is heated strongly in a deficiency of air. (Section 22.9)

  • chelating agent

    A polydentate ligand that is capable of occupying two or more sites in the coordination sphere. (Section 23.3)

  • combination reaction

    A chemical reaction in which two or more substances combine to form a single product. (Section 3.2)

  • Decarboxylation

    Loss of CO2 from a carboxyl group.

  • electronic charge

    The negative charge carried by an electron; it has a magnitude of 1.602 * 10-19 C. (Section 2.3)

  • energy-level diagram

    A diagram that shows the energies of molecular orbitals relative to the atomic orbitals from which they are derived. Also called a molecular-orbital diagram. (Section 9.7)

  • free energy (Gibbs free energy, G)

    A thermodynamic state function that gives a criterion for spontaneous change in terms of enthalpy and entropy: G = H - TS. (Section 19.5)

  • Gabriel synthesis

    A method forpreparing primary amines that avoids formation of secondary and tertiary amines.

  • ligand

    An ion or molecule that coordinates to a metal atom or to a metal ion to form a complex. (Section 23.2)

  • mean free path

    The average distance traveled by a gas molecule between collisions. (Section 10.8)

  • molal freezing-point-depression constant (Kf)

    A constant characteristic of a particular solvent that gives the decrease in freezing point as a function of solution molality: ?Tf = -Kf m. (Section 13.5)

  • osmosis

    The net movement of solvent through a semipermeable membrane toward the solution with greater solute concentration. (Section 13.5)

  • radical initiator

    A compound with a weak bond that undergoes homolytic bond cleavage with great ease, producing radicals that can initiate a radical chain process.

  • reversible process

    A process that can go back and forth between states along exactly the same path; a system at equilibrium is reversible if equilibrium can be shifted by an infinitesimal modification of a variable such as temperature. (Section 19.1)

  • root-mean-square (rms) speed 1M2

    The square root of the average of the squared speeds of the gas molecules in a gas sample. (Section 10.7)

  • silicates

    Compounds containing silicon and oxygen, structurally based on SiO4 tetrahedra. (Section 22.10)

  • thermoplastics

    Polymers that are hard at room temperature but soft when heated.

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