- 188.8.131.52: (a) Lactic acid has a pKa of 3.9. What is the [lactate]/[lactic aci...
- 184.108.40.206: When benzoic acid is allowed to stand in water enriched in 18O, the...
Solutions for Chapter 18.4: Acidity of Carboxylic Acids
Full solutions for Organic Chemistry, | 9th Edition
A type of secondary structure in which a section of polypeptide chain coils into a spiral, most commonly a right-handed spiral.
alkaline earth metals.
The Group 2A elements (Be, Mg, Ca, Sr, Ba, and Ra). (2.4)
The difference between the numbers of electrons in bonding molecular orbitals and antibonding molecular orbitals, divided by two. (10.7)
A substance that increases the rate of a chemical reaction without itself being consumed. (13.6)
cholesteric liquid crystalline phase
A liquid crystal formed from flat, disc-shaped molecules that align through a stacking of the molecular discs. (Section 11.7)
A cyclohexene resulting from the cycloaddition reaction of a diene and a dienophile.
The three- dimensional arrangement of the electron domains around an atom according to the VSEPR model. (Section 9.2)
The negative charge carried by an electron; it has a magnitude of 1.602 * 10-19 C. (Section 2.3)
The highest occupied molecular orbital.
A reaction that involves the participation of ions as reactants, intermediates, or products.
A process that cannot be reversed to restore both the system and its surroundings to their original states. Any spontaneous process is irreversible. (Section 19.1)
An abbreviated way to draw structural formulas in which vertices and line endings represent carbons
The common name for bicyclo[2.2.1]heptane.
The conjugate base of phenol or a substituted phenol.
polyvinyl chloride, (PVC)
A polymer formed from the polymerization of vinyl chloride (H2CRCHCl).
root-mean-square (rms) speed 1M2
The square root of the average of the squared speeds of the gas molecules in a gas sample. (Section 10.7)
A conformation of a conjugated diene in which the disposition of the two p bonds with regard to the connecting single bond is cis-like (a dihedral angle of 0°).
A reaction that obeys conservation of orbital symmetry.
A compound whose carbon skeleton can be divided into two or more units identical with the carbon skeleton of isoprene
A compound containing three hydroxyl groups.
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