Solutions for Chapter 18.4: Acidity of Carboxylic Acids

Organic Chemistry, | 9th Edition | ISBN: 9780073402741 | Authors: Francis A Carey Dr., Robert M. Giuliano

Full solutions for Organic Chemistry, | 9th Edition

ISBN: 9780073402741

Organic Chemistry, | 9th Edition | ISBN: 9780073402741 | Authors: Francis A Carey Dr., Robert M. Giuliano

Solutions for Chapter 18.4: Acidity of Carboxylic Acids

Solutions for Chapter 18.4
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Organic Chemistry, was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9780073402741. This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions. Chapter 18.4: Acidity of Carboxylic Acids includes 2 full step-by-step solutions. Since 2 problems in chapter 18.4: Acidity of Carboxylic Acids have been answered, more than 16219 students have viewed full step-by-step solutions from this chapter. This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Organic Chemistry, , edition: 9.

Key Chemistry Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • acylium ion

    The resonancestabilized, cationic intermediate of a Friedel-Crafts acylation, formed by treating an acyl halide with aluminum trichloride.

  • Amino acid

    A compound that contains both an amino group and a carboxyl group

  • azide synthesis

    A method for preparing primary amines that avoids the formation of secondary and tertiary amines.

  • Bredt’s rule

    A rule that states that it is not possible for a bridgehead carbon of a bicyclic system to possess a carbon carbon double bond if it involves a trans p bond being incorporated in a ring comprised of fewer than eight atoms.

  • bridgeheads

    In a bicyclic system, the carbon atoms where the rings are fused together.

  • Brønsted–Lowry acid

    A substance (molecule or ion) that acts as a proton donor. (Section 16.2)

  • carbohydrates

    A class of substances formed from polyhydroxy aldehydes or ketones. (Section 24.8)

  • cation

    A structure that bears a positive charge.

  • changes of state

    Transformations of matter from one state to a different one, for example, from a gas to a liquid. (Section 1.3)

  • collision model

    A model of reaction rates based on the idea that molecules must collide to react; it explains the factors influencing reaction rates in terms of the frequency of collisions, the number of collisions with energies exceeding the activation energy, and the probability that the collisions occur with suitable orientations. (Section 14.5)

  • E1

    A unimolecular elimination reaction.

  • electromagnetic radiation (radiant energy)

    A form of energy that has wave characteristics and that propagates through a vacuum at the characteristic speed of 3.00 * 108 m >s. (Section 6.1)

  • Friedel-Crafts alkylation

    An electrophilic aromatic substitution reaction that installs an alkyl group on an aromatic ring.

  • molecular hydrides

    Compounds formed when hydrogen reacts with nonmetals and metalloids. (Section 22.2)

  • Nernst equation

    An equation that relates the cell emf, E, to the standard emf, E°, and the reaction quotient, Q: E = E° - 1RT>nF2 ln Q. (Section 20.6)

  • osmotic pressure

    The pressure that must be applied to a solution to stop osmosis from pure solvent into the solution. (Section 13.5)

  • Peptide bond

    The special name given to the amide bond formed between the a-amino group of one amino acid and the a-carboxyl group of another amino acid

  • secondary alkyl halide

    An organohalide in which the alpha (a) position is connected to exactly two alkyl groups.

  • solution

    A mixture of substances that has a uniform composition; a homogeneous mixture. (Section 1.2)

  • Watson-Crick model

    A double-helix model for the secondary structure of a DNA molecule

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