- 188.8.131.52: Which is the stronger acid in each of the following pairs?
- 184.108.40.206: Write the structure of the hydroxy acid corresponding to each of th...
Solutions for Chapter 18.5: Substituents and Acid Strength
Full solutions for Organic Chemistry, | 9th Edition
boundary surface diagram.
Diagram of the region containing a substantial amount of the electron density (about 90 percent) in an orbital. (7.7)
A rule that states that it is not possible for a bridgehead carbon of a bicyclic system to possess a carbon carbon double bond if it involves a trans p bond being incorporated in a ring comprised of fewer than eight atoms.
Streams of electrons that are produced when a high voltage is applied to electrodes in an evacuated tube. (Section 2.2)
In NMR spectroscopy, protons (or carbon atoms) that occupy identical electronic environments and produce only one signal.
A compound containing two hydroxyl groups (OH).
Therange of all frequencies of electromagnetic radiation,which is arbitrarily divided into severalregions, most commonly by wavelength.
enthalpy of formation
The enthalpy change that accompanies the formation of a substance from the most stable forms of its component elements. (Section 5.7)
A mixture of triglycerides that is semisolid or solid at room temperature.
A graphic method for determining the relative energies of p MOs for planar, fully conjugated, monocyclic compounds.
See voltaic cell. (Section 20.3)
A method for converting an alkene to an alcohol. The alkene is treated with borane (BH3) to give a trialkylborane, which is then oxidized with alkaline hydrogen peroxide to give an alcohol
Bonding that results from intermolecular attractions between molecules containing hydrogen bonded to an electronegative element. The most important examples involve OH, NH, and HF. (Section 11.2)
hydronium ion 1H3O+2
The predominant form of the proton in aqueous solution. (Section 16.2)
lanthanide (rare earth) element
Element in which the 4f subshell is only partially occupied. (Sections 6.8 and 6.9)
A measure of the amount of material in an object. It measures the resistance of an object to being moved. In SI units, mass is measured in kilograms. (Section 1.4)
Solids that are composed of molecules. (Sections 12.1 and 12.6)
polar aprotic solvent
A solvent that lacks hydrogen atoms connected directly to an electronegative atom.
A member of the family of compounds having the 20-carbon skeleton of prostanoic acid
The structure that arises when a protein consists of two or more folded polypeptide chains that aggregate to form one protein complex.
A compound that can be used to achieve the resolution of enantiomers.
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