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Solutions for Chapter 18.6: Ionization of Substituted Benzoic Acids
Full solutions for Organic Chemistry, | 9th Edition
For a substituted aromatic ring, the effect of an electron-donating substituent that increases the rate of electrophilic aromatic substitution.
A format for naming primary amines containing a complex alkyl group.
A unit of pressure equal to 105 Pa. (Section 10.2)
An sp3 -hybridized carbon bonded to a benzene ring
A rule that states that it is not possible for a bridgehead carbon of a bicyclic system to possess a carbon carbon double bond if it involves a trans p bond being incorporated in a ring comprised of fewer than eight atoms.
A proton donor
Any property of a substance that cannot be studied without converting the substance into some other substance. (1.6)
complex ion (complex)
An assembly of a metal ion and the Lewis bases (ligands) bonded to it. (Section 17.5)
A reaction in which an element reacts with a compound, displacing an element from it. (Section 4.4)
In electrocyclicreactions, a type of rotation in which the orbitalsbeing used to form the new s bond must rotate in opposite directions (one rotates clockwise while the other rotates counterclockwise).
The process by which a protein adopts its biologically active shape. (Section 24.7)
A hypothetical gas whose pressure, volume, and temperature behavior is completely described by the ideal-gas equation. (Section 10.4)
Materials that do not conduct electricity. (Section 12.7)
Compounds formed between two different halogen elements. Examples include IBr and BrF3. (Section 22.4)
A cyclic amide.
A spherical arrangement of organic molecules in water solution clustered so that their hydrophobic parts are buried inside the sphere and their hydrophilic parts are on the surface of the sphere and in contact with water
A reaction in which one compound undergoes an increase in oxidation state.
The row of elements that lie in a horizontal row in the periodic table. (Section 2.5)
A nuclear decay process where a positron, a particle with the same mass as an electron but with a positive charge, symbol 0+1e, or b+ is emitted from the nucleus. (Section 21.1)
A mixture of equal amounts of the dextrorotatory and levorotatory forms of a chiral molecule. A racemic mixture will not rotate the plane of polarized light. (Section 23.4)