Solutions for Chapter 18.12: Synthesis of Carboxylic Acids by the Preparation and Hydrolysis of Nitriles
Full solutions for Organic Chemistry, | 9th Edition
Solutions for Chapter 18.12: Synthesis of Carboxylic Acids by the Preparation and Hydrolysis of NitrilesGet Full Solutions
Specific site on a heterogeneous catalyst or an enzyme where catalysis occurs. (Section 14.7)
An aldol addition followed by dehydration to give an a,bunsaturated ketone or aldehyde.
A carboxylic acid that contains an amino 1¬NH22 group attached to the carbon atom adjacent to the carboxylic acid 1¬COOH2 functional group. (Section 24.7)
The slow oxidation of organic compounds that occurs in the presence of atmospheric oxygen.
Reduction of the C"O group of an aldehyde or ketone to a CH2 group using Zn(Hg) and HCl
A reaction in which two or more substances combine to form a single product. (4.4)
A chemical reaction in which a small molecule (such as a molecule of water) is split out from between two reacting molecules. (Sections 12.6 and 22.8)
A compound that rotates plane-polarized light in a clockwise direction (+).
An ionic compound that is formed upon treatment of a primary amine with NaNO2 and HCl.
Incorporation of a hetero atom into a solid to change its electrical properties. For example, incorporation of P into Si. (Section 12.7)
The arrangement of electrons in the orbitals of an atom or molecule (Section 6.8)
A cyclic compound containing at least one heteroatom (such as S, N, or O) in the ring.
A cyclic compound whose ring contains more than one kind of atom. Oxirane (ethylene oxide), for example, is a heterocycle whose ring contains two carbon atoms and one oxygen atom.
Radiation that does not have sufficient energy to remove an electron from a molecule. (Section 21.9)
oxidation number (oxidation state)
A positive or negative whole number assigned to an element in a molecule or ion on the basis of a set of formal rules; to some degree it reflects the positive or negative character of that atom. (Section 4.4)
A reaction in which the CRC bond of an alkene is cleaved to form two CRO bonds.
A polymer in which each monomer unit is joined to the next by an ester bond, as, for example, poly(ethylene terephthalate).
The closeness of agreement among several measurements of the same quantity; the reproducibility of a measurement. (Section 1.5)
The base-catalyzed hydrolysis of an ester. This method is used to make soap.
A compound or region of a compound that is very bulky.
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