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Solutions for Chapter 18.12: Synthesis of Carboxylic Acids by the Preparation and Hydrolysis of Nitriles

Organic Chemistry, | 9th Edition | ISBN: 9780073402741 | Authors: Francis A Carey Dr., Robert M. Giuliano

Full solutions for Organic Chemistry, | 9th Edition

ISBN: 9780073402741

Organic Chemistry, | 9th Edition | ISBN: 9780073402741 | Authors: Francis A Carey Dr., Robert M. Giuliano

Solutions for Chapter 18.12: Synthesis of Carboxylic Acids by the Preparation and Hydrolysis of Nitriles

Solutions for Chapter 18.12
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This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Organic Chemistry, , edition: 9. This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions. Since 1 problems in chapter 18.12: Synthesis of Carboxylic Acids by the Preparation and Hydrolysis of Nitriles have been answered, more than 32321 students have viewed full step-by-step solutions from this chapter. Chapter 18.12: Synthesis of Carboxylic Acids by the Preparation and Hydrolysis of Nitriles includes 1 full step-by-step solutions. Organic Chemistry, was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9780073402741.

Key Chemistry Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • (n 1 1) rule

    If a hydrogen has n hydrogens nonequivalent to it but equivalent among themselves on the same or adjacent atom(s), its 1 H!NMR signal is split into (n 1 1) peaks

  • alkaloids

    Naturally occurring amines isolated from plants.

  • base.

    A substance that yields hydroxide ions (OH2) when dissolved in water. (2.7)

  • carbide

    A binary compound of carbon with a metal or metalloid. (Section 22.9)

  • exothermic process

    A process in which a system releases heat to its surroundings. (Section 5.2)

  • Formal charge

    The charge on an atom in a polyatomic ion or molecule

  • fragmentation

    In mass spectrometry, when the molecular ion breaks apart into fragments.

  • heat

    The flow of energy from a body at higher temperature to one at lower temperature when they are placed in thermal contact. (Section 5.1)

  • hydroperoxide

    A compound with the structure R!O!O!H.

  • kinetics

    A term that refers to the rate of a reaction.

  • mass percentage

    The number of grams of solute in each 100 g of solution. (Section 13.4)

  • mass spectrometer

    A device inwhich a compound is first vaporized and convertedinto ions, which are then separated anddetected.

  • melt transition temperature (Tm)

    The temperature at which the crystallineregions of a polymer become amorphous.

  • Molecular spectroscopy

    The study of which frequencies of radiation are absorbed or emitted by a particular substance and the correlation of these frequencies with details of molecular structure.

  • Polypeptide

    A macromolecule containing many amino acid units, each joined to the next by a peptide bond

  • primary alkyl halide

    An organohalide in which the alpha (a) position is connected to only one alkyl group.

  • Ribosomal RNA (rRNA)

    A ribonucleic acid found in ribosomes, the sites of protein synthesi

  • sigma (s) bond

    A bond that is characterized by circular symmetry with respect to the bond axis.

  • Thiol

    A compound containing an !SH (sulfhydryl) group bonded to an sp3 -hybridized carbon.

  • Unsaturated hydrocarbon

    A hydrocarbon containing one or more carbon-carbon double or triple bonds. The three classes of unsaturated hydrocarbons are alkenes, alkynes, and arenes

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