Solutions for Chapter 18.12: Synthesis of Carboxylic Acids by the Preparation and Hydrolysis of Nitriles

Organic Chemistry, | 9th Edition | ISBN: 9780073402741 | Authors: Francis A Carey Dr., Robert M. Giuliano

Full solutions for Organic Chemistry, | 9th Edition

ISBN: 9780073402741

Organic Chemistry, | 9th Edition | ISBN: 9780073402741 | Authors: Francis A Carey Dr., Robert M. Giuliano

Solutions for Chapter 18.12: Synthesis of Carboxylic Acids by the Preparation and Hydrolysis of Nitriles

Solutions for Chapter 18.12
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This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Organic Chemistry, , edition: 9. This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions. Since 1 problems in chapter 18.12: Synthesis of Carboxylic Acids by the Preparation and Hydrolysis of Nitriles have been answered, more than 10809 students have viewed full step-by-step solutions from this chapter. Chapter 18.12: Synthesis of Carboxylic Acids by the Preparation and Hydrolysis of Nitriles includes 1 full step-by-step solutions. Organic Chemistry, was written by Patricia and is associated to the ISBN: 9780073402741.

Key Chemistry Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • active site

    Specific site on a heterogeneous catalyst or an enzyme where catalysis occurs. (Section 14.7)

  • aldol condensation

    An aldol addition followed by dehydration to give an a,bunsaturated ketone or aldehyde.

  • amino acid

    A carboxylic acid that contains an amino 1¬NH22 group attached to the carbon atom adjacent to the carboxylic acid 1¬COOH2 functional group. (Section 24.7)

  • autooxidation

    The slow oxidation of organic compounds that occurs in the presence of atmospheric oxygen.

  • Clemmensen reduction

    Reduction of the C"O group of an aldehyde or ketone to a CH2 group using Zn(Hg) and HCl

  • combination reaction.

    A reaction in which two or more substances combine to form a single product. (4.4)

  • condensation reaction

    A chemical reaction in which a small molecule (such as a molecule of water) is split out from between two reacting molecules. (Sections 12.6 and 22.8)

  • dextrorotatory

    A compound that rotates plane-polarized light in a clockwise direction (+).

  • diazonium salt

    An ionic compound that is formed upon treatment of a primary amine with NaNO2 and HCl.

  • doping

    Incorporation of a hetero atom into a solid to change its electrical properties. For example, incorporation of P into Si. (Section 12.7)

  • electron configuration

    The arrangement of electrons in the orbitals of an atom or molecule (Section 6.8)

  • heterocycle

    A cyclic compound containing at least one heteroatom (such as S, N, or O) in the ring.

  • Heterocycle

    A cyclic compound whose ring contains more than one kind of atom. Oxirane (ethylene oxide), for example, is a heterocycle whose ring contains two carbon atoms and one oxygen atom.

  • nonionizing radiation

    Radiation that does not have sufficient energy to remove an electron from a molecule. (Section 21.9)

  • oxidation number (oxidation state)

    A positive or negative whole number assigned to an element in a molecule or ion on the basis of a set of formal rules; to some degree it reflects the positive or negative character of that atom. (Section 4.4)

  • ozonolysis

    A reaction in which the CRC bond of an alkene is cleaved to form two CRO bonds.

  • Polyester

    A polymer in which each monomer unit is joined to the next by an ester bond, as, for example, poly(ethylene terephthalate).

  • precision

    The closeness of agreement among several measurements of the same quantity; the reproducibility of a measurement. (Section 1.5)

  • saponification

    The base-catalyzed hydrolysis of an ester. This method is used to make soap.

  • sterically hindered

    A compound or region of a compound that is very bulky.

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