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Solutions for Chapter 19.1: Nomenclature of Carboxylic Acid Derivatives

Organic Chemistry, | 9th Edition | ISBN: 9780073402741 | Authors: Francis A Carey Dr., Robert M. Giuliano

Full solutions for Organic Chemistry, | 9th Edition

ISBN: 9780073402741

Organic Chemistry, | 9th Edition | ISBN: 9780073402741 | Authors: Francis A Carey Dr., Robert M. Giuliano

Solutions for Chapter 19.1: Nomenclature of Carboxylic Acid Derivatives

Solutions for Chapter 19.1
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This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions. This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Organic Chemistry, , edition: 9. Organic Chemistry, was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9780073402741. Chapter 19.1: Nomenclature of Carboxylic Acid Derivatives includes 1 full step-by-step solutions. Since 1 problems in chapter 19.1: Nomenclature of Carboxylic Acid Derivatives have been answered, more than 34257 students have viewed full step-by-step solutions from this chapter.

Key Chemistry Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • Aldose

    A monosaccharide containing an aldehyde group

  • alkaline earth metals

    Members of group 2A in the periodic table. (Section 7.7)

  • alkyl amines

    A format for naming amines containing simple alkyl groups.

  • antiaromatic

    Instability that arises when a planar ring of continuously overlapping p orbitals contains 4n p electrons.

  • Brønsted base.

    A substance capable of accepting a proton. (4.3)

  • Carboxylic ester

    A derivative of a carboxylic acid in which H of the carboxyl group is replaced by a carbon.

  • cathode

    An electrode at which reduction occurs. (Section 20.3)

  • cathodic protection

    A means of protecting a metal against corrosion by making it the cathode in a voltaic cell. This can be achieved by attaching a more easily oxidized metal, which serves as an anode, to the metal to be protected. (Section 20.8)

  • enantiotopic

    Protons that are not interchangeable by rotational symmetry but are interchangeable by reflectional symmetry.

  • Hydroboration-oxidation

    A method for converting an alkene to an alcohol. The alkene is treated with borane (BH3) to give a trialkylborane, which is then oxidized with alkaline hydrogen peroxide to give an alcohol

  • instantaneous rate

    The reaction rate at a particular time as opposed to the average rate over an interval of time. (Section 14.2)

  • Lindlar catalyst

    Finely powdered palladium metal deposited on solid calcium carbonate that has been specially modifi ed with lead salts. Its particular use is as a catalyst for the reduction of an alkyne to a cis alkene

  • Mercaptan

    A common name for a thiol; that is, any compound that contains an -SH (sulfhydryl) group

  • oxidation number (oxidation state)

    A positive or negative whole number assigned to an element in a molecule or ion on the basis of a set of formal rules; to some degree it reflects the positive or negative character of that atom. (Section 4.4)

  • phosphoglycerides

    Compounds that are very similar in structure to triglycerides, with the main difference being that one of the three fatty acid residues is replaced by a phosphoester group.

  • Plane of symmetry

    An imaginary plane passing through an object dividing it so that one half is the mirror image of the other half

  • polyatomic ion

    An electrically charged group of two or more atoms. (Section 2.7)

  • sp-hybridized

    Atomic orbitals that are achieved by mathematically averaging one s orbital with only one p orbital to form two hybridized atomic orbitals.

  • Steroid

    A plant or animal lipid having the characteristic tetracyclic ring structure of the steroid nucleus, namely three sixmembered rings and one fi ve-membered ring.

  • symmetric stretching

    In IR spectroscopy, when two bonds are stretching in phase with each other.

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