- 220.127.116.11: The compound having the structure shown was heated with dilute sulf...
- 18.104.22.168: On the basis of the general mechanism for acid-catalyzed ester hydr...
- 22.214.171.124: In a similar experiment, unlabeled 4-butanolide was allowed to stan...
Solutions for Chapter 19.8: Acid-Catalyzed Ester Hydrolysis
Full solutions for Organic Chemistry, | 9th Edition
Absolute confi guration
Which of the two possible isomers an enantiomer is (i.e., whether it is the right- or left-handed isomer).
Lacking a sugar
A compound containing a !CHO group
alpha (a) amino acid
A compound containing a carboxylic acid group (COOH) as well as an amino group (NH2), both of which are attached to the same carbon atom.
An organic compound that has an NR2 group attached to a carbonyl. (Section 24.4)
Instability that arises when a planar ring of continuously overlapping p orbitals contains 4n p electrons.
The light absorbed by a substance (A) equals the product of its extinction coefficient 1e2, the path length through which the light passes (b), and the molar concentration of the substance (c): A = ebc. (Section 14.2)
A polymer that contains a large number of branches connected to the main chain of the polymer.
Compounds containing only covalent bonds. (9.4)
Loss of CO2 from a carboxyl group.
Electrophilic aromatic substitution
A reaction in which there is substitution of an electrophile, E1, for a hydrogen on an aromatic ring
The expression that describes the relationship among the concentrations (or partial pressures) of the substances present in a system at equilibrium. The numerator is obtained by multiplying the concentrations of the substances on the product side of the equation, each raised to a power equal to its coefficient in the chemical equation. The denominator similarly contains the concentrations of the substances on the reactant side of the equation. (Section 15.2)
The bond from the anomeric carbon of a glycoside to an !OR group
A catalyst that does not dissolve in the reaction medium.
A compound containing a carbonyl group bonded to two carbons.
mean free path
The average distance traveled by a gas molecule between collisions. (Section 10.8)
A ligand that binds to the metal ion via a single donor atom. It occupies one position in the coordination sphere. (Section 23.3)
A solution containing equal amounts of both enantiomers.
The difference in energy between a resonance hybrid and the most stable of its hypothetical contributing structures in which electrons are localized on particular atoms and in particular bonds.
A reaction in which the overall reaction order (the sum of the concentration- term exponents) in the rate law is 2. (Section 14.4)