- 188.8.131.52: Trimyristin is obtained from coconut oil and has the molecular form...
- 184.108.40.206: In a similar experiment, pentyl acetate was subjected to saponifica...
- 220.127.116.11: On the basis of the general mechanism for basic ester hydrolysis sh...
- 18.104.22.168: Which ester in each pair would be expected to undergo saponificatio...
Solutions for Chapter 19.9: Ester Hydrolysis in Base: Saponification
Full solutions for Organic Chemistry, | 9th Edition
alpha (a) amino acid
A compound containing a carboxylic acid group (COOH) as well as an amino group (NH2), both of which are attached to the same carbon atom.
A steroid hormone, such as testosterone, that mediates the development of sexual characteristics of males.
The C1 position of the cyclic hemiacetal of an aldose or the C2 position of the cyclic hemiacetal of a ketose.
A measure of the degree to which the electrons are shared unequally between two atoms in a chemical bond. (Section 8.4)
A substance capable of accepting a proton. (4.3)
Difference in electrical potential between the anode and the cathode of a galvanic cell. (18.2)
The transfer of reactivity of an endgroup from one chain to another during a polymerization
A termination process that involves the abstraction of a hydrogen atom from the beta position of the propagating radical of one chain by the radical endgroup of another chain.
An ion formed by the addition of an electron to a hydrogen atom: H-. (Section 7.7)
A process by which the chain of a carbohydrate is lengthened by one carbon atom.
Le Châtelier’s principle
A principle stating that when we disturb a system at chemical equilibrium, the relative concentrations of reactants and
The concentration of a solution expressed as moles of solute per kilogram of solvent; abbreviated m. (Section 13.4)
The concentration of a solution expressed as moles of solute per liter of solution; abbreviated M. (Section 4.5)
nucleophilic aromatic substitution
A substitution reaction in which an aromatic ring is attacked by a nucleophile, which replaces a leaving group.
A kinetic property measured by the rate at which a nucleophile causes nucleophilic substitution on a reference compound under a standardized set of experimental conditions.
A term used to indicate that exactly three alkyl groups are attached directly to a particular position. For example, a tertiary carbocation has three alkyl groups attached directly to the electrophilic carbon atom (C+).
An ester of glycerol with three fatty acids
A double-helix model for the secondary structure of a DNA molecule
Rules for predicting the wavelength of maximum absorption for a compound with extended conjugation.
A net neutral compound that exhibits charge separation. Amino acids exist as zwitterions at physiological pH.