- 18.104.22.168: Trimyristin is obtained from coconut oil and has the molecular form...
- 22.214.171.124: In a similar experiment, pentyl acetate was subjected to saponifica...
- 126.96.36.199: On the basis of the general mechanism for basic ester hydrolysis sh...
- 188.8.131.52: Which ester in each pair would be expected to undergo saponificatio...
Solutions for Chapter 19.9: Ester Hydrolysis in Base: Saponification
Full solutions for Organic Chemistry, | 9th Edition
The product obtained from 1,4-addition across a conjugated p system.
A type of radioactive decay in which an atomic nucleus emits an alpha particle and thereby transforms (or “decays”) into an atom with a mass number 4 less and atomic number 2 less. (Section 21.1)
delocalized molecular orbitals.
Molecular orbitals that are not confined between two adjacent bonding atoms but actually extend over three or more atoms. (10.8)
deoxyribonucleic acids (DNA).
A type of nucleic acid. (25.4)
A reaction in which a nonspontaneous redox reaction is brought about by the passage of current under a sufficient external electrical potential. The devices in which electrolysis reactions occur are called electrolytic cells. (Section 20.9)
A state that is achieved when a compound absorbs energy.
A reaction in which the enthalpy of the products is lower than that of the reactants; a reaction in which heat is released.
When treated with a strong base, a quaternary ammonium halide undergoes b-elimination by an E2 mechanism to give the less-substituted alkene as the major product
An abbreviated way to draw structural formulas in which vertices and line endings represent carbons
An achiral compound possessing two or more chiral centers that also has chiral isomers
nonmetallic elements (nonmetals)
Elements in the upper right corner of the periodic table; nonmetals differ from metals in their physical and chemical properties. (Section 2.5)
A bond formed between two amino acids. (Section 24.7)
Light for which all photons have the same polarization, generally formed by passing light through a polarizing filter.
An instrument for measuring the ability of a compound to rotate the plane of plane-polarized light.
A macromolecule containing many amino acid units, each joined to the next by a peptide bond
A triglyceride having several carbon-carbon double bonds in the hydrocarbon chains of its three fatty acids.
In NMR spectroscopy, a signal that is comprised of five peaks.
Atomic orbitals that are achieved by mathematically averaging one s orbital with only one p orbital to form two hybridized atomic orbitals.
An atom, most commonly carbon, about which exchange of two groups produces a stereoisomer. Chiral centers are one type of stereocenter
The study of the energy of chemical structures.