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Solutions for Chapter 19.9: Ester Hydrolysis in Base: Saponification

Organic Chemistry, | 9th Edition | ISBN: 9780073402741 | Authors: Francis A Carey Dr., Robert M. Giuliano

Full solutions for Organic Chemistry, | 9th Edition

ISBN: 9780073402741

Organic Chemistry, | 9th Edition | ISBN: 9780073402741 | Authors: Francis A Carey Dr., Robert M. Giuliano

Solutions for Chapter 19.9: Ester Hydrolysis in Base: Saponification

This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Organic Chemistry, , edition: 9. Since 4 problems in chapter 19.9: Ester Hydrolysis in Base: Saponification have been answered, more than 7366 students have viewed full step-by-step solutions from this chapter. Chapter 19.9: Ester Hydrolysis in Base: Saponification includes 4 full step-by-step solutions. This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions. Organic Chemistry, was written by Patricia and is associated to the ISBN: 9780073402741.

Key Chemistry Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • [4+2]-cycloaddition

    A pericyclic reaction, also called a Diels-Alder reaction, that takes place between two different p systems, one of which is associated with four atoms while the other is associated with two atoms.

  • Amino group

    A compound containing an sp3 -hybridized nitrogen atom bonded to one, two, or three carbon atoms

  • Chair conformation

    The most stable nonplanar conformation of a cyclohexane ring; all bond angles are approximately 109.5°, and all bonds on adjacent carbons are staggered.

  • coordination compound.

    A neutral species containing one or more complex ions. (23.3)

  • diamagnetism

    The circulation of electron density in the presence of an external magnetic field, which produces a local (induced) magnetic field that opposes the external magnetic field.

  • Dipeptide

    A molecule containing two amino acid units joined by a peptide bond

  • doping

    Incorporation of a hetero atom into a solid to change its electrical properties. For example, incorporation of P into Si. (Section 12.7)

  • first-order reaction

    A reaction in which the reaction rate is proportional to the concentration of a single reactant, raised to the first power. (Section 14.4)

  • halogenation

    A reaction that involves the addition of X2 (either Br2 or Cl2) across an alkene.

  • ionic bond

    A bond that results from the force of attraction between two oppositely charged ions.

  • Isotactic polymer

    A polymer with identical confi gurations (either all R or all S) at all chiral centers along its chain, as, for example, isotactic polypropylene

  • lone pair

    A pair of unshared, or nonbonding, electrons.

  • loss of a leaving group

    One of the four arrow-pushing patterns for ionic reactions.

  • neutron

    An electrically neutral particle found in the nucleus of an atom; it has approximately the same mass as a proton. (Section 2.3)

  • organohalide

    An organic compound containing at least one halogen.

  • Phasing

    The sign of the wave function at particular coordinates in space, either plus or minus. Phasing is often represented by colors, such as red or blue

  • pi 1P2 molecular orbital

    A molecular orbital that concentrates the electron density on opposite sides of an imaginary line that passes through the nuclei. (Section 9.8)

  • Polycarbonate

    A polyester in which the carboxyl groups are derived from carbonic acid

  • Steric hindrance

    The ability of groups, because of their size, to hinder access to a reaction site within a molecule.

  • Sulfi de

    The sulfur analog of an ether; a molecule containing a sulfur atom bonded to two carbon atoms. Sulfi des are also called thioethers

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