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Solutions for Chapter 19.9: Ester Hydrolysis in Base: Saponification

Organic Chemistry, | 9th Edition | ISBN: 9780073402741 | Authors: Francis A Carey Dr., Robert M. Giuliano

Full solutions for Organic Chemistry, | 9th Edition

ISBN: 9780073402741

Organic Chemistry, | 9th Edition | ISBN: 9780073402741 | Authors: Francis A Carey Dr., Robert M. Giuliano

Solutions for Chapter 19.9: Ester Hydrolysis in Base: Saponification

This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Organic Chemistry, , edition: 9. Since 4 problems in chapter 19.9: Ester Hydrolysis in Base: Saponification have been answered, more than 34106 students have viewed full step-by-step solutions from this chapter. Chapter 19.9: Ester Hydrolysis in Base: Saponification includes 4 full step-by-step solutions. This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions. Organic Chemistry, was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9780073402741.

Key Chemistry Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • alpha (a) amino acid

    A compound containing a carboxylic acid group (COOH) as well as an amino group (NH2), both of which are attached to the same carbon atom.

  • Androgen

    A steroid hormone, such as testosterone, that mediates the development of sexual characteristics of males.

  • anomeric carbon

    The C1 position of the cyclic hemiacetal of an aldose or the C2 position of the cyclic hemiacetal of a ketose.

  • bond polarity

    A measure of the degree to which the electrons are shared unequally between two atoms in a chemical bond. (Section 8.4)

  • Brønsted base.

    A substance capable of accepting a proton. (4.3)

  • cell voltage.

    Difference in electrical potential between the anode and the cathode of a galvanic cell. (18.2)

  • Chain-transfer reaction

    The transfer of reactivity of an endgroup from one chain to another during a polymerization

  • Disproportionation

    A termination process that involves the abstraction of a hydrogen atom from the beta position of the propagating radical of one chain by the radical endgroup of another chain.

  • hydride ion

    An ion formed by the addition of an electron to a hydrogen atom: H-. (Section 7.7)

  • Kiliani-Fischer synthesis

    A process by which the chain of a carbohydrate is lengthened by one carbon atom.

  • Le Châtelier’s principle

    A principle stating that when we disturb a system at chemical equilibrium, the relative concentrations of reactants and

  • molality

    The concentration of a solution expressed as moles of solute per kilogram of solvent; abbreviated m. (Section 13.4)

  • molarity

    The concentration of a solution expressed as moles of solute per liter of solution; abbreviated M. (Section 4.5)

  • nucleophilic aromatic substitution

    A substitution reaction in which an aromatic ring is attacked by a nucleophile, which replaces a leaving group.

  • Nucleophilicity

    A kinetic property measured by the rate at which a nucleophile causes nucleophilic substitution on a reference compound under a standardized set of experimental conditions.

  • tertiary

    A term used to indicate that exactly three alkyl groups are attached directly to a particular position. For example, a tertiary carbocation has three alkyl groups attached directly to the electrophilic carbon atom (C+).

  • Triglyceride (triacylglycerol)

    An ester of glycerol with three fatty acids

  • Watson-Crick model

    A double-helix model for the secondary structure of a DNA molecule

  • Woodward-Fieser rules

    Rules for predicting the wavelength of maximum absorption for a compound with extended conjugation.

  • zwitterion

    A net neutral compound that exhibits charge separation. Amino acids exist as zwitterions at physiological pH.

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