Solutions for Chapter 19.12: Amides

Organic Chemistry, | 9th Edition | ISBN: 9780073402741 | Authors: Francis A Carey Dr., Robert M. Giuliano

Full solutions for Organic Chemistry, | 9th Edition

ISBN: 9780073402741

Organic Chemistry, | 9th Edition | ISBN: 9780073402741 | Authors: Francis A Carey Dr., Robert M. Giuliano

Solutions for Chapter 19.12: Amides

This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Organic Chemistry, , edition: 9. Since 4 problems in chapter 19.12: Amides have been answered, more than 10702 students have viewed full step-by-step solutions from this chapter. Organic Chemistry, was written by Patricia and is associated to the ISBN: 9780073402741. Chapter 19.12: Amides includes 4 full step-by-step solutions. This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions.

Key Chemistry Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • antiferromagnetism

    A form of magnetism in which unpaired electron spins on adjacent sites point in opposite directions and cancel each other’s effects. (Section 23.1)

  • bond order.

    The difference between the numbers of electrons in bonding molecular orbitals and antibonding molecular orbitals, divided by two. (10.7)

  • Claisen rearrangement

    A [3,3] sigmatropic rearrangement that is observed for allylic vinylic ethers.

  • critical temperature

    The highest temperature at which it is possible to convert the gaseous form of a substance to a liquid. The critical temperature increases with an increase in the magnitude of intermolecular forces. (Section 11.4)

  • degenerate

    A situation in which two or more orbitals have the same energy. (Section 6.7)

  • E (Section 5.2C)

    From the German, entgegen, opposite. Specifi es that groups of higher priority on the carbons of a double bond are on opposite sides

  • electron density

    The probability of finding an electron at any particular point in an atom; this probability is equal to c2, the square of the wave function. Also called the probability density. (Section 6.5)

  • Fishhook arrow

    A barbed curved arrow used to show the change in position of a single electron.

  • Hydrogenolysis

    Cleavage of a single bond by H2, most commonly accomplished by treating a compound with H2 in the presence of a transition metal catalyst.

  • intermediate

    A structure corresponding to a local minimum (valley) in an energy diagram.

  • internal energy

    The total energy possessed by a system. When a system undergoes a change, the change in internal energy, ?E, is defined as the heat, q, added to the system, plus the work, w, done on the system by its surroundings: ?E = q + w. (Section 5.2)

  • mass spectrum

    In mass spectrometry,a plot that shows the relative abundance ofeach cation that was detected.

  • matter waves

    The term used to describe the wave characteristics of a moving particle. (Section 6.4)

  • phospholipid

    A form of lipid molecule that contains charged phosphate groups. (Section 24.9)

  • photochemical smog

    A complex mixture of undesirable substances produced by the action of sunlight on an urban atmosphere polluted with automobile emissions. The major starting ingredients are nitrogen oxides and organic substances, notably olefins and aldehydes. (Section 18.2)

  • Polyurethane

    A polymer containing the !NHCO2! group as a repeating unit

  • pyranose ring

    A six-membered cyclic hemiacetal form of a carbohydrate.

  • quaternary structure

    The structure of a protein resulting from the clustering of several individual protein chains into a final specific shape. (Section 24.7)

  • spectrochemical series

    A list of ligands arranged in order of their abilities to split the d-orbital energies (using the terminology of the crystal-field model). (Section 23.6)

  • Wave function

    A solution to a set of equations that defi nes the energy of an electron in an atom and the region of space it may occupy.

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