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Solutions for Chapter 19.12: Amides
Full solutions for Organic Chemistry, | 9th Edition
A reaction in which one molecule adds to another. (24.2)
The conjugate base of a terminal alkyne.
A monocyclic compound that is planar or nearly so, has one 2p orbital on each atom of the ring, and has 4n p electrons in the cyclic arrangement of overlapping 2p orbitals, where n is an integer. Antiaromatic compounds are especially unstable
An alkane containing two rings that share two carbons
The potential difference between the cathode and anode in an electrochemical cell; it is measured in volts: 1 V = 1 J>C. Also called electromotive force. (Section 20.4)
A process by which molecular oxygen is used to convert food into CO2, water, and energy.
A compound containing a Cl group and a hydroxyl group (OH) on adjacent carbon atoms.
A nucleophilic acyl substitution reaction in which the nucleophile is an ester enolate and the electrophile is an ester.
Substance capable of conducting electric current. (21.3)
Enantiomeric excess (ee)
The difference between the percentage of two enantiomers in a mixture
The measure of disorder associated with a system.
An atom or group of atoms within a molecule that shows a characteristic set of physical and chemical properties
Heat of combustion (DH0 )
Standard heat of combustion is the heat released when one mole of a substance in its standard state (gas, liquid, solid) is oxidized completely to carbon dioxide and water.
A reaction in which a carboxylic acid undergoes a-halogenation when treated with bromine in the presence of PBr3.
In mass spectrometry,the ion that is generated when the compound is ionized.
The special name given to the amide bond formed between the a-amino group of one amino acid and the a-carboxyl group of another amino acid
pi 1P2 molecular orbital
A molecular orbital that concentrates the electron density on opposite sides of an imaginary line that passes through the nuclei. (Section 9.8)
An ether (R!O!R) where both R groups are identical.
An ether(R!O!R) where the two R groups are notidentical.
A method for converting a carbonyl group into a methylene group (CH2) under basic conditions.