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Solutions for Chapter 19.12: Amides
Full solutions for Organic Chemistry, | 9th Edition
A form of magnetism in which unpaired electron spins on adjacent sites point in opposite directions and cancel each other’s effects. (Section 23.1)
The difference between the numbers of electrons in bonding molecular orbitals and antibonding molecular orbitals, divided by two. (10.7)
A [3,3] sigmatropic rearrangement that is observed for allylic vinylic ethers.
The highest temperature at which it is possible to convert the gaseous form of a substance to a liquid. The critical temperature increases with an increase in the magnitude of intermolecular forces. (Section 11.4)
A situation in which two or more orbitals have the same energy. (Section 6.7)
E (Section 5.2C)
From the German, entgegen, opposite. Specifi es that groups of higher priority on the carbons of a double bond are on opposite sides
The probability of finding an electron at any particular point in an atom; this probability is equal to c2, the square of the wave function. Also called the probability density. (Section 6.5)
A barbed curved arrow used to show the change in position of a single electron.
Cleavage of a single bond by H2, most commonly accomplished by treating a compound with H2 in the presence of a transition metal catalyst.
A structure corresponding to a local minimum (valley) in an energy diagram.
The total energy possessed by a system. When a system undergoes a change, the change in internal energy, ?E, is defined as the heat, q, added to the system, plus the work, w, done on the system by its surroundings: ?E = q + w. (Section 5.2)
In mass spectrometry,a plot that shows the relative abundance ofeach cation that was detected.
The term used to describe the wave characteristics of a moving particle. (Section 6.4)
A form of lipid molecule that contains charged phosphate groups. (Section 24.9)
A complex mixture of undesirable substances produced by the action of sunlight on an urban atmosphere polluted with automobile emissions. The major starting ingredients are nitrogen oxides and organic substances, notably olefins and aldehydes. (Section 18.2)
A polymer containing the !NHCO2! group as a repeating unit
A six-membered cyclic hemiacetal form of a carbohydrate.
The structure of a protein resulting from the clustering of several individual protein chains into a final specific shape. (Section 24.7)
A list of ligands arranged in order of their abilities to split the d-orbital energies (using the terminology of the crystal-field model). (Section 23.6)
A solution to a set of equations that defi nes the energy of an electron in an atom and the region of space it may occupy.
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