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Solutions for Chapter 19.14: Lactams

Organic Chemistry, | 9th Edition | ISBN: 9780073402741 | Authors: Francis A Carey Dr., Robert M. Giuliano

Full solutions for Organic Chemistry, | 9th Edition

ISBN: 9780073402741

Organic Chemistry, | 9th Edition | ISBN: 9780073402741 | Authors: Francis A Carey Dr., Robert M. Giuliano

Solutions for Chapter 19.14: Lactams

Solutions for Chapter 19.14
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This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Organic Chemistry, , edition: 9. This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions. Chapter 19.14: Lactams includes 1 full step-by-step solutions. Since 1 problems in chapter 19.14: Lactams have been answered, more than 27696 students have viewed full step-by-step solutions from this chapter. Organic Chemistry, was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9780073402741.

Key Chemistry Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • alkenes.

    Hydrocarbons that contain one or more carbon-carbon double bonds. They have the general formula CnH2n, where n 5 2,3, . . . . (24.2)

  • Aryl group (Ar -)

    A group derived from an arene by removal of an H.

  • azide synthesis

    A method for preparing primary amines that avoids the formation of secondary and tertiary amines.

  • base peak

    In mass spectrometry, the tallest peak in the spectrum, which is assigned a relative value of 100%.

  • Chain termination

    A step in a chain reaction that involves destruction of reactive intermediates

  • Chromatography

    A separation method involving passing a vapor or solution mixture through a column packed with a material with different affi nities for different components of the mixture.

  • dipole-dipole interactions

    Theresulting net attraction between two dipoles.

  • fission

    The splitting of a large nucleus into two smaller ones. (Section 21.6)

  • halogens

    Members of group 7A in the periodic table. (Section 7.8)

  • labile

    Protons that are exchanged at a rapid rate.

  • nucleophile

    A compound containing an electron-rich atom that is capable of donating a pair of electrons.

  • optical isomerism

    A form of isomerism in which the two forms of a compound (stereoisomers) are nonsuperimposable mirror images. (Section 23.4)

  • Phasing

    The sign of the wave function at particular coordinates in space, either plus or minus. Phasing is often represented by colors, such as red or blue

  • primary structure

    The sequence of amino acids along a protein chain. (Section 24.7)

  • protic solvent

    A solvent that contains at least one hydrogen atom connected directly to an electronegative atom.

  • reaction rate

    A measure of the decrease in concentration of a reactant or the increase in concentration of a product with time. (Section 14.2)

  • Reducing sugar

    A carbohydrate that reacts with an oxidizing agent to form an aldonic acid. In this reaction, the carbohydrate reduces the oxidizing agent.

  • solute

    A substance dissolved in a solvent to form a solution; it is normally the component of a solution present in the smaller amount. (Section 4.1)

  • strong deactivators

    Groups that strongy deactivate an aromatic ring toward electrophilic aromatic substitution, thereby significantly decreasing the rate of the reaction.

  • tertiary alkyl halide

    An organohalide in which the alpha (a) position is connected to three alkyl groups.

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