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Solutions for Chapter 19.15: Preparation of Nitriles

Organic Chemistry, | 9th Edition | ISBN: 9780073402741 | Authors: Francis A Carey Dr., Robert M. Giuliano

Full solutions for Organic Chemistry, | 9th Edition

ISBN: 9780073402741

Organic Chemistry, | 9th Edition | ISBN: 9780073402741 | Authors: Francis A Carey Dr., Robert M. Giuliano

Solutions for Chapter 19.15: Preparation of Nitriles

Solutions for Chapter 19.15
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This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Organic Chemistry, , edition: 9. This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions. Since 1 problems in chapter 19.15: Preparation of Nitriles have been answered, more than 25514 students have viewed full step-by-step solutions from this chapter. Organic Chemistry, was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9780073402741. Chapter 19.15: Preparation of Nitriles includes 1 full step-by-step solutions.

Key Chemistry Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • amine

    Compounds containing a nitrogen atom that is connected to one, two, or three alkyl or aryl groups.

  • Aprotic solvent

    A solvent that cannot serve as a hydrogen-bond donor; nowhere in the molecule is there a hydrogen bonded to an atom of high electronegativity. Common aprotic solvents are dichloromethane, diethyl ether, and dimethyl sulfoxide

  • Arene

    A term used to classify benzene and its derivatives.

  • Avogadro’s hypothesis

    A statement that equal volumes of gases at the same temperature and pressure contain equal numbers of molecules. (Section 10.3)

  • boundary surface diagram.

    Diagram of the region containing a substantial amount of the electron density (about 90 percent) in an orbital. (7.7)

  • catalyst.

    A substance that increases the rate of a chemical reaction without itself being consumed. (13.6)

  • chemical changes

    Processes in which one or more substances are converted into other substances; also called chemical reactions. (Section 1.3)

  • complex ion.

    An ion containing a central metal cation bonded to one or more molecules or ions. (16.10)

  • deuterium

    The isotope of hydrogen whose nucleus contains a proton and a neutron: 2 1H. (Section 22.2)

  • diagonal relationship.

    Similarities between pairs of elements in different groups and periods of the periodic table. (8.6)

  • enthalpy of reaction

    The enthalpy change associated with a chemical reaction. (Section 5.4)

  • isoelectronic series

    A series of atoms, ions, or molecules having the same number of electrons. (Section 7.3)

  • Ketone

    A compound containing a carbonyl group bonded to two carbons.

  • leaving group

    A group capable ofseparating from a compound.

  • mass defect

    The difference between the mass of a nucleus and the total masses of the individual nucleons that it contains. (Section 21.6)

  • oxirane

    A cyclic ether containing a three-membered ring system. Also called an epoxide.

  • Photons

    An alternative way to describe electromagnetic radiation as a stream of particles

  • resonance hybrid

    A term used to describe the character of a chemical entity (molecule, ion, or radical) exhibiting more than one significant resonance structure.

  • sp2-hybridized orbitals

    Atomic orbitals that are achieved by mathematically averaging one s orbital with two p orbitals to form three hybridized atomic orbitals.

  • spontaneous

    A reaction with a negative DG, which means that products are favored at equilibrium.

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