Solutions for Chapter 19.15: Preparation of Nitriles
Full solutions for Organic Chemistry, | 9th Edition
In UV-Vis spectroscopy, the value log (I0/I) where I0 is the intensity of the reference beam and I is the intensity of the sample beam.
alpha (a) position
The position immediately adjacent to a functional group.
An acid that is not a proton donor; an acid that is an electron pair acceptor in a Lewis acid-base reaction.
The area of chemistry concerned with the speeds, or rates, at which chemical reactions occur. (Chapter 14: Introduction)
A polymer containing two or more different monomers. (25.2)
A method of problem solving in which units are carried through all calculations. Dimensional analysis ensures that the final answer of a calculation has the desired units. (Section 1.6)
A chemical formula that shows the kinds of atoms and their relative numbers in a substance in the smallest possible whole-number ratios. (Section 2.6)
Strands of a polymer that are generated when the polymer is heated, forced through small holes, and then cooled.
A method forpreparing primary amines that avoids formation of secondary and tertiary amines.
High-density lipoprotein (HDL)
Plasma particles, density 1.06–1.21 g/mL, consisting of approximately 33% proteins, 30% cholesterol, 29% phospholipids, and 8% triglycerides.
An orbital that results from the mixing of different kinds of atomic orbitals on the same atom. For example, an sp3 hybrid results from the mixing, or hybridizing, of one s orbital and three p orbitals. (Section 9.5)
law of constant composition
A law that states that the elemental composition of a pure compound is always the same, regardless of its source; also called the law of definite proportions. (Section 1.2)
The study of carbon-containing compounds, typically containing carbon–carbon bonds. (Section 2.9; Chapter 24:Introduction)
A large molecule of high molecular mass, formed by the joining together, or polymerization, of a large number of molecules of low molecular mass. The individual molecules forming the polymer are called monomers. (Sections 12.1 and 12.8)
Having specifi c values for energy and momentum
A compound with a weak bond that undergoes homolytic bond cleavage with great ease, producing radicals that can initiate a radical chain process.
Rate determining step
The step in a multistep reaction sequence that crosses the highest energy barrier.
renewable energy sources
Energy such as solar energy, wind energy, and hydroelectric energy derived from essentially inexhaustible sources. (Section 5.8)
Sigma (s) molecular orbital
A molecular orbital in which electron density is concentrated between two nuclei, along the axis joining them, and is cylindrically symmetrical
A nucleophilic substitution in which the solvent is also the nucleophile
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