Solutions for Chapter 19.16: Hydrolysis of Nitriles
Full solutions for Organic Chemistry, | 9th Edition
A class of substances formed from polyhydroxy aldehydes or ketones. (Section 24.8)
A polydentate ligand that is capable of occupying two or more sites in the coordination sphere. (Section 23.3)
The production of chlorine gas by the electrolysis of aqueous NaCl solution. (22.6)
A compound inwhich two carbon-carbon p bonds are separated from each other by exactly one s bond.
A measure of a solvent’s ability to insulate opposite charges from one another
The arrangement of electrons in an atom or molecule. (Chapter 6:Introduction)
A form of magnetism in which unpaired electron spins on different-type ions point in opposite directions but do not fully cancel out. (Section 23.1)
The withdrawal of electron density that occurs when a bond is shared by two atoms of differing electronegativity.
A CH group.
A method of electron book-keeping in which all bonds are treated as if they were purely ionic.
pH titration curve
A graph of pH as a function of added titrant. (Section 17.3)
A polyester in which the carboxyl groups are derived from carbonic acid
The determination of the presence or absence of a particular substance in a mixture. (Section 17.7)
A set of rules for specifying absolute confi guration about a chiral center; also called the Cahn-Ingold-Prelog system
The difference in energy between a resonance hybrid and the most stable of its hypothetical contributing structures in which electrons are localized on particular atoms and in particular bonds.
A special type of stereoselective reaction in which the stereochemistry of the product is dependent on the stereochemistry of the starting material.
A compound that contains a sulfur atom that has double bonds with two oxygen atoms and is flanked on both sides by R groups.
A name that is assigned using the rules of IUPAC nomenclature.
An excellent leaving group (OTs). transition state (Sect. 6.6): A state through which a reaction passes. On an energy diagram, a transition state corresponds with a local maximum.
A neutral molecule with positive and negative charges on adjacent atoms
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