- 19.19.27: Write a structural formula for each of the following compounds: (a)...
- 19.19.28: Give an acceptable IUPAC name for each of the following compounds:
- 19.19.29: Write a structural formula for the principal organic product or pro...
- 19.19.30: (a) Unlike other esters which react with Grignard reagents to give ...
- 19.19.31: On being heated with a dilute solution of sulfuric acid in water, t...
- 19.19.32: Using ethanol and sodium or potassium cyanide as the sources of the...
- 19.19.33: Using toluene, sodium cyanide, and carbon dioxide as the sources of...
- 19.19.34: The saponification of 18O-labeled ethyl propanoate was described in...
- 19.19.35: Acid hydrolysis of tert-butyl acetate in 18O-labeled water was foun...
- 19.19.36: Suggest a reasonable explanation for each of the following observat...
- 19.19.37: The preparation of cis-4-tert-butylcyclohexanol from its trans ster...
- 19.19.38: The ketone shown was prepared in a three-step sequence from ethyl t...
- 19.19.39: Compound A is a derivative of the carbohydrate perosamine, which is...
- 19.19.40: Ambrettolide is obtained from hibiscus and has a musk-like odor. It...
- 19.19.41: The preparation of the sex pheromone of the bollworm moth, (E)-9,11...
- 19.19.42: Outline reasonable mechanisms for each of the following reactions: ...
- 19.19.43: Compound A serves as a prodrug for the analgesic benzocaine. (A pro...
- 19.19.44: The serum cholesterol-lowering agent mevinolin (lovastatin) is show...
- 19.19.45: When compounds of the type represented by A are allowed to stand in...
- 19.19.46: (a) In the presence of dilute hydrochloric acid, compound A is conv...
- 19.19.47: A certain compound has a molecular weight of 83 and contains nitrog...
- 19.19.48: A compound has a molecular formula of C8H14O4, and its IR spectrum ...
- 19.19.49: A compound (C4H6O2) has a strong band in the infrared at 1760 cm1. ...
- 19.19.50: Thioesters react with hydroxylamine by nucleophilic acyl substituti...
- 19.19.51: The equilibrium constant K equals 56 for the reaction shown. HOCH2C...
- 19.19.52: For the reaction shown in 19.51, which of the following better repr...
- 19.19.53: Which reaction occurs at the fastest rate? A. B. C. D. CH3NH2 CH3NH...
- 19.19.54: Which one of the reactions in the preceding problem has the most ne...
- 19.19.55: Acetylcholine is a neurotransmitter formed in nerve cells by the en...
- 19.19.56: Thiane was prepared in 76% yield from 5-chloro-1-pentene by the pro...
Solutions for Chapter 19: Carboxylic Acid Derivatives: Nucleophilic Acyl Substitution
Full solutions for Organic Chemistry, | 9th Edition
Solutions for Chapter 19: Carboxylic Acid Derivatives: Nucleophilic Acyl SubstitutionGet Full Solutions
Element in which the 5f orbitals are only partially occupied. (Section 6.8)
A carbohydrate that contains an aldehyde group.
Any reaction in which a new carbon-carbon bond to an alkyl group is formed.
In gas chromatography, a plot that identifies the retention time of each compound in the mixture.
A solid that possesses rigid and long-range order; its atoms, molecules, or ions occupy specific positions. (11.4)
The breakdown of a compound into two or more components. (4.4)
The process in which the molecules go directly from the vapor into the solid phase. (11.8)
An element that forms two bonds, such as oxygen.
A higher energy state than the ground state. (Section 6.3)
Isoelectric point (pI)
The pH at which an amino acid, polypeptide, or protein has no net charge
A representation of covalent bonding in a molecule that is drawn using Lewis symbols. Shared electron pairs are shown as lines, and unshared electron pairs are shown as pairs of dots. Only the valence-shell electrons are shown. (Section 8.3)
The extent to which an element exhibits the physical and chemical properties characteristic of metals, for example, luster, malleability, ductility, and good thermal and electrical conductivity. (Section 7.6)
A compound with the structure R2N!NRO.
A compound with molecular formula HONO.
nuclear binding energy
The energy required to decompose an atomic nucleus into its component protons and neutrons. (Section 21.6)
A lipid containing glycerol esterifi ed with two molecules of fatty acid and one molecule of phosphoric acid.
The threedimensional conformations of localized regions of a protein, including helices and b-pleated sheets.
A compound containing an SRO bond that is flanked on both sides by R groups.
Two objects that are identical.
Constitutional isomers that rapidly interconvert via the migration of a proton.
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