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Solutions for Chapter 19: Carboxylic Acid Derivatives: Nucleophilic Acyl Substitution

Organic Chemistry, | 9th Edition | ISBN: 9780073402741 | Authors: Francis A Carey Dr., Robert M. Giuliano

Full solutions for Organic Chemistry, | 9th Edition

ISBN: 9780073402741

Organic Chemistry, | 9th Edition | ISBN: 9780073402741 | Authors: Francis A Carey Dr., Robert M. Giuliano

Solutions for Chapter 19: Carboxylic Acid Derivatives: Nucleophilic Acyl Substitution

Solutions for Chapter 19
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Textbook: Organic Chemistry,
Edition: 9
Author: Francis A Carey Dr., Robert M. Giuliano
ISBN: 9780073402741

This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Organic Chemistry, , edition: 9. Chapter 19: Carboxylic Acid Derivatives: Nucleophilic Acyl Substitution includes 30 full step-by-step solutions. This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions. Since 30 problems in chapter 19: Carboxylic Acid Derivatives: Nucleophilic Acyl Substitution have been answered, more than 25437 students have viewed full step-by-step solutions from this chapter. Organic Chemistry, was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9780073402741.

Key Chemistry Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • absolute zero

    The lowest attainable temperature; 0 K on the Kelvin scale and -273.15 °C on the Celsius scale. (Section 1.4)

  • allylic carbocation

    A carbocation in which the positive charge is adjacent to a carbon-carbon double bond.

  • aqueous solution.

    A solution in which the solvent is water. (4.1)

  • auxochrome

    When applying Woodward-Fieser rules, the groups attached to the chromophore.

  • bar

    A unit of pressure equal to 105 Pa. (Section 10.2)

  • crystal-field theory

    A theory that accounts for the colors and the magnetic and other properties of transition-metal complexes in terms of the splitting of the energies of metal ion d orbitals by the electrostatic interaction with the ligands. (Section 23.6)

  • delocalized

    A lone pair or charge that is participating in resonance.

  • doublet

    In NMR spectroscopy, a signal that is comprised of two peaks.

  • elimination

    A reaction involving the loss of a leaving group and formation of a p bond.

  • Epoxide

    A cyclic ether in which oxygen is one atom of a three-membered ring

  • fingerprint region

    The region of an IR spectrum that contains signals resulting from the vibrational excitation of most single bonds (stretching and bending).

  • graft copolymer

    A polymer that contains sections of one homopolymer that have been grafted onto a chain of the other homopolymer.

  • haloalkane

    An organic compound containing at least one halogen.

  • optically active

    A compound that rotates plane-polarized light.

  • orbital

    An allowed energy state of an electron in the quantum mechanical model of the atom; the term orbital is also used to describe the spatial distribution of the electron. An orbital is defined by the values of three quantum numbers: n, l, and ml (Section 6.5)

  • Organometallic compound

    A compound that contains a carbon-metal bond.

  • Para (p)

    Refers to groups occupying l,4-positions on a benzene ring

  • racemic mixture

    A mixture of equal amounts of the dextrorotatory and levorotatory forms of a chiral molecule. A racemic mixture will not rotate the plane of polarized light. (Section 23.4)

  • second law of thermodynamics

    A statement of our experience that there is a direction to the way events occur in nature. When a process occurs spontaneously in one direction, it is nonspontaneous in the reverse direction. It is possible to state the second law in many different forms, but they all relate back to the same idea about spontaneity. One of the most common statements found in chemical contexts is that in any spontaneous process the entropy of the universe increases. (Section 19.2)

  • Sulfi de

    The sulfur analog of an ether; a molecule containing a sulfur atom bonded to two carbon atoms. Sulfi des are also called thioethers

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