- 220.127.116.11: Write the structure of the aldol addition product of each of the fo...
- 18.104.22.168: Write the structure of the aldol condensation product of each of th...
- 22.214.171.124: Each of the following can be prepared by an intramolecular aldol co...
Solutions for Chapter 20.3: The Aldol Condensation
Full solutions for Organic Chemistry, | 9th Edition
axis of symmetry
An axis about which a compound possesses rotational symmetry.
bonding molecular orbital.
A molecular orbital that is of lower energy and greater stability than the atomic orbitals from which it was formed. (10.6)
Substance capable of conducting electric current. (21.3)
The process by which a metal is oxidized by substances in its environment. (Section 20.8)
A measure of radioactivity: 1 curie = 3.7 * 1010 nuclear disintegrations per second. (Section 21.4)
The attraction between the positive end of one dipole and the negative end of another.
A class of lipids which includes leukotrienes, prostaglandins, thromboxanes, and prostacyclins.
A negatively charged subatomic particle found outside the atomic nucleus; it is a part of all atoms. An electron has a mass 1>1836 times that of a proton. (Section 2.3)
A reaction that occurs between chlorobenzene and either NaOH (at high temperature) or NaNH2.
Atoms or groups on an atom that give a chiral center when one of the groups is replaced by another group. A pair of enantiomers results. The hydrogens of the CH2 group of ethanol, for example, are enantiotopic. Replacing one of them by deuterium gives (R)-1-deuteroethanol; replacing the other gives (S)-1-deuteroethanol. Enantiotopic groups have identical chemical shifts in achiral environments but different chemical shifts in chiral environments.
Vibrations in the region 1500 to 400 cm21 of an IR spectrum are complex and diffi cult to analyze but are characteristic for different molecules.
Materials that do not conduct electricity. (Section 12.7)
lambda max (lmax)
In UVVis spectroscopy, the wavelength of maximum absorption.
An assembly of a metal ion and the Lewis bases bonded to it. (Section 23.2)
molar heat capacity
The heat required to raise the temperature of one mole of a substance by 1 °C. (Section 5.5)
A method of electron book-keeping in which all bonds are treated as if they were purely ionic.
A device that uses strong magnetic and electrostatic fields to accelerate charged particles. (Section 21.3)
A reaction that is performed with photochemical excitation (usually UV light).
An ionic compound formed by replacing one or more hydrogens of an acid by other cations. (Section 4.3)
The more substituted product (alkene) of an elimination reaction.
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