Solutions for Chapter 20.7: The Haloform Reaction
Full solutions for Organic Chemistry, | 9th Edition
acetoacetic ester synthesis
A threestep process that converts an alkyl halide into a methyl ketone with the introduction of three new carbon atoms.
The resonancestabilized, cationic intermediate of a Friedel-Crafts acylation, formed by treating an acyl halide with aluminum trichloride.
A solid that lacks a regular three-dimensional arrangement of atoms or molecules. (11.7)
Compounds formed from just two elements. (2.7)
A substance (molecule or ion) that acts as a proton donor. (Section 16.2)
Compounds composed entirely of chlorine, fluorine, and carbon. (Section 18.3)
A term associatedwith the probability of finding an electron in aparticular region of space.
The process of separating compounds on the basis of their electric charge
A form of magnetism in which unpaired electron spins on different-type ions point in opposite directions but do not fully cancel out. (Section 23.1)
The energy released when 1 g of a substance is combusted. (Section 5.8)
The joining of two light nuclei to form a more massive one. (Section 21.6)
heat of fusion
The enthalpy change, ?H, for melting a solid. (Section 11.4)
A process performed in the presence of hydrogen gas by which large alkanes in petroleum are converted into smaller alkanes that are more suitable for use as gasoline.
A biomolecule isolated from plant or animal sources by extraction with nonpolar organic solvents, such as diethyl ether and hexane.
molecular orbital (MO)
An allowed state for an electron in a molecule. According to molecular-orbital theory, a molecular orbital is entirely analogous to an atomic orbital, which is an allowed state for an electron in an atom. Most bonding molecular orbitals can be classified as s or p, depending on the disposition of electron density with respect to the internuclear axis. (Section 9.7)
The breaking of a molecule into two or more neutral fragments as a result of absorption of light. (Section 18.2)
A series of intermediates and curved arrows that show howthe reaction occurs in terms of the motion of electrons.
The conversion of a ketone or aldehyde into an imine under conditions in which the imine is reduced as soon as it is formed, giving an amine.
A voltaic cell that can be recharged. (Section 20.7)
The study of the interaction between matter and electromagnetic radiation.
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