Solutions for Chapter 20.7: The Haloform Reaction
Full solutions for Organic Chemistry, | 9th Edition
alkaline earth metals
Members of group 2A in the periodic table. (Section 7.7)
Particles that are identical to helium-4 nuclei, consisting of two protons and two neutrons, symbol 4 2He or 4 2a. (Section 21.1)
A conformation in which a hydrogen atom and a leaving group are separated by a dihedral angle of approximately 180°.
The positively charged, resonance-stabilized, intermediate of anelectrophilic aromatic substitution reaction. Also called a sigma complex.
The dipole moment that is due to unequal electron sharing between two atoms in a covalent bond. (Section 9.3)
A structure that bears a positive charge.
The generally larger formation constants for polydentate ligands as compared with the corresponding monodentate ligands. (Section 23.3)
A tetrahedral carbon atom bearing four different groups.
A reaction characterized by the addition of two hydroxyl groups (OH) across an alkene.
For a metal ion complex, the equilibrium constant for formation of the complex from the metal ion and base species present in solution. It is a measure of the tendency of the complex to form. (Section 17.5)
A compound containing a halogen atom and a hydroxyl group on adjacent carbons; those containing Br and OH are bromohydrins, and those containing Cl and OH are chlorohydrins.
A compound with the structure R2N!NRO.
Refers to a compound that rotates the plane of plane-polarized light
The study of carbon-containing compounds, typically containing carbon–carbon bonds. (Section 2.9; Chapter 24:Introduction)
polyvinyl chloride, (PVC)
A polymer formed from the polymerization of vinyl chloride (H2CRCHCl).
A molecule, ion, or radical described as a composite of a number of contributing structures
A reaction in which an atom or group of atoms in a compound is replaced by another atom or group of atoms.
A compound that contains a sulfur atom that has double bonds with two oxygen atoms and is flanked on both sides by R groups.
van der Waals forces
A group of intermolecular attractive forces including dipole-dipole, dipole-induced dipole, and induced dipole-induced dipole (dispersion) forces
A neutral molecule with positive and negative charges on adjacent atoms
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