Solutions for Chapter 20.8: Conjugation Effects in ,-Unsaturated Aldehydes and Ketones

Organic Chemistry, | 9th Edition | ISBN: 9780073402741 | Authors: Francis A Carey Dr., Robert M. Giuliano

Full solutions for Organic Chemistry, | 9th Edition

ISBN: 9780073402741

Organic Chemistry, | 9th Edition | ISBN: 9780073402741 | Authors: Francis A Carey Dr., Robert M. Giuliano

Solutions for Chapter 20.8: Conjugation Effects in ,-Unsaturated Aldehydes and Ketones

Chapter 20.8: Conjugation Effects in ,-Unsaturated Aldehydes and Ketones includes 5 full step-by-step solutions. Since 5 problems in chapter 20.8: Conjugation Effects in ,-Unsaturated Aldehydes and Ketones have been answered, more than 13166 students have viewed full step-by-step solutions from this chapter. Organic Chemistry, was written by Patricia and is associated to the ISBN: 9780073402741. This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Organic Chemistry, , edition: 9. This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions.

Key Chemistry Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • absolute zero.

    Theoretically the lowest attainable temperature. (5.3)

  • amino sugars

    Carbohydrate derivatives in which an OH group has been replaced with an amino group.

  • Beer’s law

    The light absorbed by a substance (A) equals the product of its extinction coefficient 1e2, the path length through which the light passes (b), and the molar concentration of the substance (c): A = ebc. (Section 14.2)

  • beta (b) rays.

    Electrons. (2.2)

  • Bredt’s rule

    A rule that states that it is not possible for a bridgehead carbon of a bicyclic system to possess a carbon carbon double bond if it involves a trans p bond being incorporated in a ring comprised of fewer than eight atoms.

  • Carbenoid

    A compound that delivers the elements of a carbene without actually producing a free carbene.

  • Carbohydrate

    A polyhydroxyaldehyde, a polyhydroxyketone, or a substance that gives these compounds on hydrolysis.

  • changes of state

    Transformations of matter from one state to a different one, for example, from a gas to a liquid. (Section 1.3)

  • cohesion.

    The intermolecular attraction between like molecules. (11.3)

  • E (Section 5.2C)

    From the German, entgegen, opposite. Specifi es that groups of higher priority on the carbons of a double bond are on opposite sides

  • endo

    In Diels-Alder reactions that produce bicyclic structures, the positions that are syn to the larger bridge.

  • Hammond postulate

    In an exothermic process the transition state is closer in energy to the reactants than to the products, and therefore the structure of the transition state more closely resembles the reactants. In contrast, the transition state in an endothermic process is closer in energy to the products, and therefore the transition state more closely resembles the products.

  • high-spin complex

    A complex whose electrons populate the d orbitals to give the maximum number of unpaired electrons. (Section 23.6)

  • intermediate

    A substance formed in one elementary step of a multistep mechanism and consumed in another; it is neither a reactant nor an ultimate product of the overall reaction. (Section 14.6)

  • law of constant composition

    A law that states that the elemental composition of a pure compound is always the same, regardless of its source; also called the law of definite proportions. (Section 1.2)

  • Mass spectrum

    A plot of the relative abundance of ions versus their mass-to-charge ratio

  • quantitative analysis

    The determination of the amount of a given substance that is present in a sample. (Section 17.7)

  • Quantum mechanics

    The branch of science that studies the interaction of matter and radiation.

  • Schiemann reaction

    The conversion of an aryl diazonium salt into fluorobenzene upon treatment with fluoroboric acid (HBF4).

  • strong deactivators

    Groups that strongy deactivate an aromatic ring toward electrophilic aromatic substitution, thereby significantly decreasing the rate of the reaction.

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