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Solutions for Chapter 20.8: Conjugation Effects in ,-Unsaturated Aldehydes and Ketones
Full solutions for Organic Chemistry, | 9th Edition
Solutions for Chapter 20.8: Conjugation Effects in ,-Unsaturated Aldehydes and KetonesGet Full Solutions
Theoretically the lowest attainable temperature. (5.3)
Carbohydrate derivatives in which an OH group has been replaced with an amino group.
The light absorbed by a substance (A) equals the product of its extinction coefficient 1e2, the path length through which the light passes (b), and the molar concentration of the substance (c): A = ebc. (Section 14.2)
beta (b) rays.
A rule that states that it is not possible for a bridgehead carbon of a bicyclic system to possess a carbon carbon double bond if it involves a trans p bond being incorporated in a ring comprised of fewer than eight atoms.
A compound that delivers the elements of a carbene without actually producing a free carbene.
A polyhydroxyaldehyde, a polyhydroxyketone, or a substance that gives these compounds on hydrolysis.
changes of state
Transformations of matter from one state to a different one, for example, from a gas to a liquid. (Section 1.3)
The intermolecular attraction between like molecules. (11.3)
E (Section 5.2C)
From the German, entgegen, opposite. Specifi es that groups of higher priority on the carbons of a double bond are on opposite sides
In Diels-Alder reactions that produce bicyclic structures, the positions that are syn to the larger bridge.
In an exothermic process the transition state is closer in energy to the reactants than to the products, and therefore the structure of the transition state more closely resembles the reactants. In contrast, the transition state in an endothermic process is closer in energy to the products, and therefore the transition state more closely resembles the products.
A complex whose electrons populate the d orbitals to give the maximum number of unpaired electrons. (Section 23.6)
A substance formed in one elementary step of a multistep mechanism and consumed in another; it is neither a reactant nor an ultimate product of the overall reaction. (Section 14.6)
law of constant composition
A law that states that the elemental composition of a pure compound is always the same, regardless of its source; also called the law of definite proportions. (Section 1.2)
A plot of the relative abundance of ions versus their mass-to-charge ratio
The determination of the amount of a given substance that is present in a sample. (Section 17.7)
The branch of science that studies the interaction of matter and radiation.
The conversion of an aryl diazonium salt into fluorobenzene upon treatment with fluoroboric acid (HBF4).
Groups that strongy deactivate an aromatic ring toward electrophilic aromatic substitution, thereby significantly decreasing the rate of the reaction.