Solutions for Chapter 21.9: Preparation of Amines by Reduction
Full solutions for Organic Chemistry, | 9th Edition
A reaction in which two alkenes interchange the carbons attached to their double bonds.
An alkane containing two rings that share two carbons
The angles made by the lines joining the nuclei of the atoms in a molecule. (Section 9.1)
A structure that bears a positive charge.
An equation that uses chemical symbols to show what happens during a chemical reaction. (3.7)
The process of forming a diazonium salt by treating a primary amine with NaNO2 and HCl.
The structure for DNA that involves the winding of two DNA polynucleotide chains together in a helical arrangement. The two strands of the double helix are complementary in that the organic bases on the two strands are paired for optimal hydrogen bond interaction. (Section 24.10)
In NMR spectroscopy, a signal that is comprised of two peaks.
The escape of a gas through an orifice or hole. (Section 10.8)
A nonsuperimposable mirror image.
Heterolytic bond cleavage
Cleavage of a bond so that one fragment retains both electrons and the other retains none.
The attractive forces between molecules.
An analytical technique for measuring the mass-to-charge ratio (m/z) of ions.
normal melting point
The melting point at 1 atm pressure. (Section 11.6)
pressure–volume (PV) work
Work performed by expansion of a gas against a resisting pressure. (Section 5.3)
An isotope that is radioactive; that is, it is undergoing nuclear changes with emission of radiation. (Section 21.1)
A series of intermediates and curved arrows that show howthe reaction occurs in terms of the motion of electrons.
A bimolecular nucleophilic substitution reaction.
valence bond theory
A theory that treats a bond as the sharing of electrons that are associated with individual atoms, rather than being associated with the entire molecule.
An internal salt of an amino acid; the carboxylate is negatively charged, and the ammonium group is positively charged
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