Solutions for Chapter 22.8: Reactions of Phenols: Electrophilic Aromatic Substitution
Full solutions for Organic Chemistry, | 9th Edition
Solutions for Chapter 22.8: Reactions of Phenols: Electrophilic Aromatic SubstitutionGet Full Solutions
The product obtained when the aldehyde group of an aldose is reduced.
The strain that arises when a bond angle is either compressed or expanded compared to its optimal value.
A substance (molecule or ion) that acts as a proton donor. (Section 16.2)
The study of matter and the changes it undergoes. (1.1)
The breakdown of a compound into two or more components. (4.4)
The angle created by two intersecting planes.
A compound with the structure R!S!S!R.
Electrophilic aromatic substitution
A reaction in which there is substitution of an electrophile, E1, for a hydrogen on an aromatic ring
The resonance-stabilized conjugate base of a ketone, aldehyde, or ester.
A simple method for drawing the relative energy levels of the MOs for a ring assembled from continuously overlapping p orbitals.
A term that refers to the rate of a reaction.
Lewis dot structure
The symbol of an element surrounded by a number of dots equal to the number of electrons in the valence shell of the atom
The change in specifi c rotation that occurs when an a or b hemiacetal form of a carbohydrate in aqueous solution is converted to an equilibrium mixture of the two forms.
A way to view a molecule by looking along a carbon-carbon single bond
When electromagnetic radiation is viewed as a particle, an individual packet of energy.
pi 1P2 molecular orbital
A molecular orbital that concentrates the electron density on opposite sides of an imaginary line that passes through the nuclei. (Section 9.8)
A molecule that possesses a nonzero dipole moment. (Section 8.4)
An element, such as carbon, that forms four bonds.
Experimental conditions that permit the establishment of equilibrium between two or more products of a reaction. The composition of the product mixture is determined by the relative stabilities of the products.
The outermost occupied electron shell of an atom.