Solutions for Chapter 23.11: Deoxy Sugars
Full solutions for Organic Chemistry, | 9th Edition
The product obtained from 1,4-addition across a conjugated p system.
An organic compound that contains a carbonyl group 1C “O2 to which at least one hydrogen atom is attached. (Section 24.4)
A two-step process that achieves Markovnikov addition of an alcohol (H and OR) across an alkene. The product of this process is an ether.
A compound containing a planar ring of continuously overlapping p orbitals with 4n+2p electrons.
A rule that determines the order in which orbitals are filled by electrons. Specifically, the lowest energy orbital is filled first.
The dipole moment that is due to unequal electron sharing between two atoms in a covalent bond. (Section 9.3)
The distance between the centers of two bonded atoms. (Section 8.3)
An apparatus that measures the heat released or absorbed in a chemical or physical process. (Section 5.5)
A drawing style in which none of the bonds are drawn. Groups of atoms are clustered together when possible. For example, isopropanol has two CH3 groups, both of which are connected to the central carbon atom, shown like this: (CH3)2CHOH.
An imaginary network of points on which the repeating motif of a solid may be imagined to be laid down so that the structure of the crystal is obtained. The motif may be a single atom or a group of atoms. Each lattice point represents an identical environment in the crystal. (Section 12.2)
A measure of the force of an atom’s attraction for electrons
One of the four arrow-pushing patterns for ionic reactions.
Compounds formed from a molecule of phosphoric acid, a sugar molecule, and an organic nitrogen base. Nucleotides form linear polymers called DNA and RNA, which are involved in protein synthesis and cell reproduction. (Section 24.10)
A group that directs the regiochemistry of an electrophilic aromatic substitution reaction such that the incoming electrophile is installed at the ortho or para positions.
A device that uses strong magnetic and electrostatic fields to accelerate charged particles. (Section 21.3)
The emission of electrons from a metal surface induced by light. (Section 6.2)
A material that can be formed into particular shapes by application of heat and pressure. (Section 12.8)
Separation of a racemic mixture into its enantiomers; in mass spectrometry, a measure of how well a mass spectrometer separates ions of different mass.
For a chiral compound that is subjected to plane-polarized light, the observed rotation when a standard concentration (1 g/mL) and a standard path length (1 dm) are used.
Rules for predicting the wavelength of maximum absorption for a compound with extended conjugation.
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