- 188.8.131.52: Write structural formulas for the - and -methyl pyranosides formed ...
- 184.108.40.206: Add curved arrows to the following sequence to show how the conjuga...
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- 18.104.22.168: Using Mechanism 23.2 as a guide, write a stepwise mechanism for the...
Solutions for Chapter 23.14: Glycosides: The Fischer Glycosidation
Full solutions for Organic Chemistry, | 9th Edition
acid ionization constant (Ka).
The equilibrium constant for the acid ionization. (15.5)
The pressure exerted by Earth’s atmosphere. (5.2)
Processes in which one or more substances are converted into other substances; also called chemical changes. (Section 1.3)
Refers to the arrangement of atoms about a stereocenter
The removal of salts from seawater, brine, or brackish water to make it fit for human consumption. (Section 18.4)
The attraction between the positive end of one dipole and the negative end of another.
Incorporation of a hetero atom into a solid to change its electrical properties. For example, incorporation of P into Si. (Section 12.7)
An unsaturated compound derived by the reaction of an aldehyde or ketone and a secondary amine followed by loss of H2O; R2C"CR!NR2
A compound in which two hydrocarbon groups are bonded to one oxygen. (Section 24.4)
For cyclohexane, the steric interactions that occur between the flagpole hydrogen atoms in a boat conformation.
A twostep process that achieves an anti-Markovnikov addition of a proton and a hydroxyl group (OH) across an alkene.
A reaction that involves the participation of ions as reactants, intermediates, or products.
A reaction for which the product distribution is determined by the relative rates at which the products are formed.
The percent of a substance that undergoes ionization on dissolution in water. The term applies to solutions of weak acids and bases. (Section 16.6)
The conversion of a substance from one state of matter to another. The phase changes we consider are melting and freezing 1solid ? liquid2, sublimation and deposition, and vaporization and condensation 1liquid ? gas2. (Section 11.4)
The conjugate base of phenol or a substituted phenol.
Plane of symmetry
An imaginary plane passing through an object dividing it so that one half is the mirror image of the other half
Common leaving groups. Examples include tosylate, mesylate, and triflate ions.
a !CH"CH2 group
Groups that weakly activate an aromatic ring toward electrophilic aromatic substitution, thereby enhancing the rate of the reaction.