- 23.23.26: Refer to the Fischer projection of (+)-d-xylose and give structural...
- 23.23.27: What are the R,S configurations of the three chirality centers in d...
- 23.23.28: From among the carbohydrates shown in Figure 23.2, choose the d-ald...
- 23.23.29: Write the Fischer projection of the open-chain form of each of the ...
- 23.23.30: From among the carbohydrates shown in 23.29, choose the one(s) that...
- 23.23.31: How many ketopentoses are possible? Write their Fischer projections.
- 23.23.32: Given the Fischer projection of the branched-chain carbohydrate (+)...
- 23.23.33: Treatment of d-mannose with methanol in the presence of an acid cat...
- 23.23.34: Give the products of periodic acid oxidation of each of the followi...
- 23.23.35: Triphenylmethyl ether reacts with primary alcohols faster than with...
- 23.23.36: Compound A was oxidized with periodic acid to give B, which after a...
- 23.23.37: The -lactone of d-gulonic acid was prepared by way of a cyanohydrin...
- 23.23.38: Methyl glycosides of 2-deoxy sugars have been prepared by the acid-...
- 23.23.39: The following are the more stable anomers of the pyranose forms of ...
- 23.23.40: Basing your answers on the general mechanism for the first stage of...
- 23.23.41: The compound shown here is the anticonvulsant drug known as topiram...
- 23.23.42: Acetone reacts with carbohydrates in the presence of an acid cataly...
- 23.23.43: In each of the following reactions, the glycosyl donor is activated...
- 23.23.44: Pentenyl glycosides are glycosyl donors as illustrated by their con...
- 23.23.45: Oxidation of ()-arabinose with warm nitric acid gave an optically a...
- 23.23.46: Chain extension of ()-arabinose by way of its derived cyanohydrin g...
- 23.23.47: Both (+)-glucose and (+)-mannose were oxidized to optically active ...
- 23.23.48: Because both C-1 and C-6 are oxidized to CO2H groups by nitric acid...
- 23.23.49: Refer to Table 23.2 to identify the hexose that is the answer to 23...
Solutions for Chapter 23: Carbohydrates
Full solutions for Organic Chemistry, | 9th Edition
Impurities that can accept electrons from semiconductors. (21.3)
A cholesterol-derived detergent molecule, such as cholic acid, which is secreted by the gallbladder into the intestine to assist in the absorption of dietary lipids.
A substance capable of accepting a proton. (4.3)
Polymerization in which molecules are joined together through condensation reactions. (Section 12.8)
When signal splitting occurs in NMR spectroscopy, the distance between the individual peaks of a signal.
A type of secondary structure of DNA molecules in which two anti parallel polynucleotide strands are coiled in a right-handed manner about the same axis
glass transition temperature (Tg)
The temperature at which noncrystalline polymers become very soft.
An equation for either an oxidation or a reduction that explicitly shows the electrons involved, for example, Zn2 + 1aq2 + 2 e- ¡ Zn1s2. (Section 20.2)
The structure of the transition state for an exothermic step looks more like the reactants of that step than the products. Conversely, the structure of the transition state for an endothermic step looks more like the products of that step than the reactants.
A compound containing a carbonyl group bonded to two carbons.
law of mass action
The rules by which the equilibrium constant is expressed in terms of the concentrations of reactants and products, in accordance with the balanced chemical equation for the reaction. (Section 15.2)
A cyclic ether containing a three-membered ring system. Also called an epoxide.
A reaction in which the CRC bond of an alkene is cleaved to form two CRO bonds.
A property that a substance possesses if it contains one or more unpaired electrons. A paramagnetic substance is drawn into a magnetic field. (Section 9.8)
The row of elements that lie in a horizontal row in the periodic table. (Section 2.5)
A conformation in which a hydrogen atom and a leaving group are approximately coplanar.
The conjugate base of phenol or a substituted phenol.
Secondary structure of proteins
The ordered arrangements (conformations) of amino acids in localized regions of a polypeptide or protein
sigma 1S2 bond
A covalent bond in which electron density is concentrated along the internuclear axis. (Section 9.6)
High-molecular-weight esters that are constructed from carboxylic acids and alcohols.