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Solutions for Chapter 23: Carbohydrates

Organic Chemistry, | 9th Edition | ISBN: 9780073402741 | Authors: Francis A Carey Dr., Robert M. Giuliano

Full solutions for Organic Chemistry, | 9th Edition

ISBN: 9780073402741

Organic Chemistry, | 9th Edition | ISBN: 9780073402741 | Authors: Francis A Carey Dr., Robert M. Giuliano

Solutions for Chapter 23: Carbohydrates

Solutions for Chapter 23
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Textbook: Organic Chemistry,
Edition: 9
Author: Francis A Carey Dr., Robert M. Giuliano
ISBN: 9780073402741

Chapter 23: Carbohydrates includes 24 full step-by-step solutions. Organic Chemistry, was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9780073402741. This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions. This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Organic Chemistry, , edition: 9. Since 24 problems in chapter 23: Carbohydrates have been answered, more than 29479 students have viewed full step-by-step solutions from this chapter.

Key Chemistry Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • Allylic substitution

    Any reaction in which an atom or group of atoms is substituted for another atom or group of atoms at an allylic carbon.

  • Antibonding molecular orbital

    A molecular orbital in which electrons have a higher energy than they would in isolated atomic orbitals

  • cathode.

    The electrode at which reduction occurs. (18.2)

  • conductor.

    Substance capable of conducting electric current. (21.3)

  • coordination sphere

    The metal ion and its surrounding ligands. (Section 23.2)

  • density.

    The mass of a substance divided by its volume. (1.6)

  • dihydroxylation

    A reaction characterized by the addition of two hydroxyl groups (OH) across an alkene.

  • displacement reaction

    A reaction in which an element reacts with a compound, displacing an element from it. (Section 4.4)

  • Epoxide

    A cyclic ether in which oxygen is one atom of a three-membered ring

  • Fatty acid

    A long, unbranched-chain carboxylic acid, most commonly of 12 to 20 carbons, derived from the hydrolysis of animal fats, vegetable oils, or the phospholipids of biological membranes.

  • Henderson–Hasselbalch equation

    The relationship among the pH, pKa, and the concentrations of acid and conjugate base in an aqueous solution: pH = pKa + log 3base4 3acid4. (Section 17.2)

  • Infrared (IR) spectroscopy

    A spectroscopic technique in which a compound is irradiated with infrared radiation, absorption of which causes covalent bonds to change from a lower vibration state to a higher one. Infrared spectroscopy is particularly valuable for determining the kinds of functional groups present in a molecule.

  • Molecular dipole moment (m)

    The vector sum of individual bond dipoles.

  • molecular hydrides

    Compounds formed when hydrogen reacts with nonmetals and metalloids. (Section 22.2)

  • Pauli exclusion principle

    No more than two electrons may be present in an orbital. If two electrons are present, their spins must be paired

  • Quantum mechanics

    The branch of science that studies the interaction of matter and radiation.

  • Schiemann reaction

    The conversion of an aryl diazonium salt into fluorobenzene upon treatment with fluoroboric acid (HBF4).

  • spin-spin splitting

    A phenomenon observed most commonly for nonequivalent protons connected to adjacent carbon atoms, in which the multiplicity of each signal is affected by the other.

  • upfield

    The right side of an NMRspectrum.

  • Vinyl group

    A carbocation in which the positive charge is on one of the carbons of a carbon-carbon double bond.

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